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Page:Notes and Queries - Series 12 - Volume 10.djvu/115

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12 S. X. FEB. 4, 1922.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 89 in the chancel there, 10 marks " (6 13s. Ad.) (Reg. Test. Ebor., ui. 84b). John Burgh, in spite of the fact that he was not entrusted with the great east window, was evidently the principal York glass- painter of his time. During his time design in glass passed from pure Decorated through Transition into the fully developed Perpen- dicular style. His name first appears in connexion with the Minster glass in the Fabric Roll of 1399, when he was paid for repairs to the windows of the chapter house and nave carried out by him and his ser- vants ; and he is entered in almost every Roll until the year 1419, about which time, probably, he died, for, two years later, John "Chamber (no doubt the elder of the two brothers of that name and the one who died in 1437) is entered in connexion with the glass. John Burgh was, therefore, a con- temporary of, and working at the Minster at the same time as, John Thornton of Coventry. Though there are no windows definitely known to be the work of John Burgh, it can with some confidence be suggested that the windows of the aisles of the Lady Chapel the first portion of the new choir to be com- pleted are his work ; for they were evidently done before John Thornton of Coventry came to York in 1405 to execute the great east window. The three in the north aisle and those in the clerestory above seem to be all by one hand. It is possible that he was also responsible for the beautiful St. Edward Confessor window on the south side, which has canopies remarkably similar in design to those in New College, Oxford, and Alten- berg in Germany. The east window of St. Saviour's, York, which is also Transitional in style, is probably his work also. In 1400 John Burgh executed work for Thomas de Dalby, Archdeacon of Richmond, in whose will, made in 1400, the following appears : " J. Burgh vitriario pro diversis fenestris .vitreis pro aula de Thornton camera et capellis ibidem et pro clausura Ebor. 23s. 4d. (Test. Ebor., Surtees Soc., iii. 2). A shield, Archdeaconry of Richmond im- paling Dalby, which probably formed part of the above glass in the archdeacon's study, has been inserted in the upper quatrefoil of the tracery of the fourth window from east in the north aisle of the nave, instead of the original figure. John Burgh had several " servants " or workpeople. One of these, flamed Robert, probably the Robert Quarendon mentioned in the Fabric Roll of the Minster for the year 1417, had evidently left Burgh's employ some time before the year 1400, as in the Roll of that year he is described as " lately a servant of the said John." Another work- man, " John the servant of the said John," whose name is recorded in the Roll of 1414, was probably the John Coverham mentioned in that of 1419, who was free of the city in 1425 .and whose son Thomas was free in 1448. JOHN A. KNOWLES. OXFORDSHIRE MASONS. Who were the members of the lodge of Masons brought by Thomas Strong to London to assist in rebuilding St. Paul's Cathedral after the Great Fire ? (see MR. DUDLEY WRIGHT'S note at 12 S. x. 43). The names of several of the masons employed are given by the late Major J. M. W. Halley in the Journal of the R.I.B.A. (Dec. 5, 1914), the facts being taken from the original " Accounts." They were Joshua Marshall, Thomas Strong, Edward S., sen. and jun., Edward Pearce, Jasper Lathom, Thomas Wise, sen. and jun., Christopher Kempster, William K., Ephraim Beacham, Nathaniel Rawlins, John Thomp- son, Samuel Fulkes, Thomas Hill and Chris- topher Cass. The majority of these were members of the Masons' Company, and indeed held the office of Master at different times. The Strongs, Kempsters and Edward Beacham were Oxfordshire men, the Strongs owning Tainton quarry and the Kemptsers Upton quarry, Burford, from both of which stone was taken for the rebuilding. I have recently come across the will of Edward Beacham of Burford, dated Aug. 10, 1677, and proved in the Consistory Court of Oxford. From this it appears that Ephraim B. was his son, while his daughter Martha was the wife of Edward Strong, sen. Were any of the others connected with Oxfordshire ? Joshua Mar- shall apparently was not. He was the son of Edward M. of Fetter Lane (Master of the Masons' Company 1680). I find the name Nathaniel Rawlins in Hook Norton, Oxon, in the Lay Subsidy Roll for 1655. E. ST. JOHN BROOKS. YORKSHIRE LAND TERMS : " ONSTAND," " GAIRNS." Recently I have been an- notating a number of old seventeenth and eighteenth century Yorkshire farmers' diaries, and have been struck with the number of remarkable land-terms these con- tain, regarding some of which I have had