12 s.x. FEB. ii, 1922.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 107 New England, Mariner. 1719. (Inl. 1/6-198.) Consid. 52 19s. Epsom, Apothecary. Consid. 50. (Inl. 1/7-43.) GERALD FOTHERGILL. 11, Brussels Road, New Wandsworth, S.W. 11. EAST LONDON " COFFEE-HOUSES." - Readers who ask for more intimate par- ticulars of the old " coffee-houses " without the eastward gate of the City of London in late Stuart and early Georgian times should remember that these places of common assembly for business or pleasure or play were not so numerous in the Port of London as in more fashionable quarters of the metropolis. " Town " habits were not possible much beyond Whitechapel Bars and Spitalfields Church, or, along shore, beyond Wapping ; and " coffee-houses " the incipient clubs were not frequented by the classes -- wits, poets, pamphleteers, politicians and gamesters who made the " coffee-houses " of St. James's famous in English social and literary history. The " coffee - houses " of Wapping, Goodman's Fields, the Minories, Aldgate and Spital- fields were the meeting-places of merchants, brokers, lottery agents, money-lenders, ship- owners, seamen, soldiers, bravoes, cheats and thieves, with a very large admixture 25 Mar. j perhaps, a job picked up. The Danish, i Swedish, Norwegian, Hanoverian, Prussian, j | Dutch and, later, American captains and 6 Oct. 1719. ! factors in London Port gradually set up rialtos, places of exchange and conference on the model of the English " coffee-houses " near to the dwellings of the respective agents or ambassadors of their national governments. These, changing with the times, existed to a period within living memory- as witness America Square and their names and situation are preserved in place-names in the locality. Me. uertetf. WE must request correspondents desiring in- formation on family matters of oniy private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries in order that answers may be sent to them direct. ' LA SANTA PARENTELA.' In the Jews' market in Rome, on the Wednesday before Christmas last, I picked up an interesting little miniature of the above painted on ivory. It represents what were supposed to be the relations of the Virgin Mary. During the period 1480 to 1520, when the legend of the three marriages of St. Anne was current, some few pictures and minia- Two Mrs. of the several sorts of not always dubious tures of the subject were painted, adventurers who lurked in London's Port I ^ these pictures are referred to by during the brief intervals in the long wars on I Jameson in her ' Legends of the Madonna, sea and land ; and practically none of these and two of the Flemish school are in the were, by nature or by early training, re- 1 Cologne Museum. Such a picture usually Borders. They needed such as Daniel Defoe ! consists of seven figures of women within to piece out their stories, and probably he : a screen, with whom are eight or nine knew much more about " coffee-houses " j children ; and, behind the screen, by the stairs to the river than he ever told, ! men, who, in one of the pictures in though he made great use of the " characters of both sexes he found in them. So when, | respective wives, in the process of a century, the great historic ! course, of one. " coffee -houses " of St. James's and the City became segregated into specific and exclusive coteries, and were turned into ten the Cologne Museum, each point towards their with the exception, of political, social, racing or the humble " coffee-houses " gaming clubs, of East London According to the legend Anne is supposed to have married, first, Cleophas, by whom she had a daughter, Mary, married to faded away and were either closed or were converted into inns and taverns, but few j she had of which exist in any form to the present Zebedee, time. For the rest, there is now no record recoverable, and it is only certain that Alpheus, whose children were Judas Thad- deus, James the Minor and Joseph Justus. their conduct and management were similar to the institutions in St. James's, where for a few penceworth of " coffee " the company of one's fellows could be enjoyed without reference to rank, station or means, and, Anne married, secondly, Salome, by whom a daughter, Mary, married to whose children were James the Major and John the Evangelist. Anne married, thirdly, Joachim, by whom she had Mary the Virgin. Beside these there appear in the picture Zacharias and Eliza- beth, the parents of John the Baptist ; and amongst the children is Simon Zelotes. The men, therefore,_are Joseph, Joachim,
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