12 S.X.JAN. 21, 1922.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 53 "A WALKING DICTIONARY" (12 S. ix. 527). There can be no doubt that the origin of such expressions as "a walking dictionary" and "a living dictionary" is to be found in a passage of Eunapius's ' Life of Porphyry,' in which he speaks of Longinus as " a living library and a walking museum (or, rather, university) " : B t /3Xto0?^7 ns rv tfji}/v^os KOI TrepnraTOvv [jLOV(reluv . With this has been compared the statement of the scholiast on Juvenal, iv. 77, that Pegasus, the jurisconsult, was commonly called a book, not a man. The phrase ' Living Library ' Was familiarized by the title of John Molle's translation of Philip Camerarius's ' Horae Subcisivae sive Meditationes Historicae,' which appeared in 1621 under the title of ' The Living Librarie,' &c. It is curious that in one of the British Museum copies of this first edition (that in the Grenville Library) the title is printed as ' The Walking Librarie.' Robert Burton is referring to the same passage of Eunapius when he Writes, in the introduction to his ' Anatomy of Melancholy,' All those of whom we read such hyperbolical eulogiums, as of Aristotle, that he was wisdom itself in the abstract, a miracle of nature, breathing libraries, as Eunapius of Longinus. . . ." EDWARD BENSLY. CARDINAL NEWMAN AND WALES (12 S. ix. 354, 438). In reply to his question whether Cardinal Newman and his brother F. W. Newman had family or other ties with Wales, MR. WILLIAMS may be referred to 11 S. vii. 385, where he will .find an extract from The Adelaide Advertiser com- municated by the late SIR J. LANGDON BONYTHON. An account is there given by " a minister now resident in Adelaide," based on a conversation that took place " in the seventies," of the visit of a Baptist minister to Llandudno, where the land- lady of his lodgings told him of a Mr. (Charles) Newman living in her house, and showed him letters written to her by his brothers F. W. and J. H. Newman. EDWARD BENSLY. VANGOYEN, A DUTCH PAINTER (12 S. x. 8). Jan van Goyen was born at Leyden in 1596 and died at The Hague in 1656. Except for a short period in his youth, spent in France, he dwelt all his life in his native country, and painted Dutch land- scapes and seascapes. Among the more eminent of his masters were Isack Claesz van Swanenburgh, who died in 1614, and Esaias van de Velde (c. 1590-1630). He was father-in-law of Jan Steen (1626-1679). He is represented by at least five works in the Louvre, and by many pictures in Holland, especially in the Kyks Museum at Amsterdam. Samuel Maunder 's ' Bio- | graphical Treasury ' quaintly observes : He possessed great facility and freedom ; his works are consequently more general throughout Europe than those of any other master, but such as are finished and remain undamaged are highly JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT. Van-Goyen (John), a landscape painter and | aqua tinta engraver, born at Leyden in 1596. i He was the disciple of William Geeritz and Isaiah Van den Velde. His compositions generally represent rivers with boats and fishing-barks, or peasants returning on the water from market, and in the back-ground villages or small towns. Some of his engravings from his own designs are very rare, and bear a high price. He died at The Hague in 1656. Biog Univ.' So writes Gorton in his ' General Bio- graphical Dictionary ' (London, 1833). A pleasing specimen of his painting, a copy of which hangs before me as I write, is to be found in the National Gallery at Dublin. HERBERT W. GREENE. " 'HEADS' AS THE PIEMAN SAYS " (12 S. xi. 449, 494, 536). I have a caricature, 13in. by 9in., by T. Rowlandson, dated 1785, entitled ' Too many for a Jew.' The scene is a village green, under a tree. Half a dozen children stand round a Shylock- looking pieman who is looking upward at two coins which have been thrown into the air by a boy standing in front of him. Mean- while two other boys standing behind have each put a hand under the pieman's arms
- and are helping themselves to pies from
I the open basket suspended from the pie- ! man's shoulder. This seems to carry back I the " toss-up " custom to pre -Pickwickian J days. SIDNEY SPOKES. Portland Place, W. G. E. J. POWELL (12 S. ix. .529). George Ernest John Powell, born Feb. 10, 1842, was the only son of William Thomas Roland Powell, Esq., of Nant-Eos, Co. Cardigan, and Cheltenham, Co. Gloucester, J.P., and Edwyna, his wife, eldest daughter of William George Cherry, Esq., of Buckland, Co. Hereford. He was educated at Eton and at Brasenose College, Oxford. He matriculated at Oxford, May 23, 1861, and left in 1862. He was High Sheriff for Cardigan, and in 1881 married Dinah T. Harries of Goodwick, Co. Pembroke, and died without issue many years ago. JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.