NOTES AND QUERIES.
. XL MAY 2, im
DR. T.RUTLEDGE, 1745-1 818: REV.W. SMITH. Can any reader give me the parentage of the former ? 1 believe he was in some way connected with his contemporary the Rev. Wm. Smith, A.M. I am also anxious to know whom the Rev. Thos. Rutledge married, and the names of his children. Information regarding the Rev. Wm. Smith would also be most welcome. Both these ministers were Nonconformists, and were interred in their respective family vaults in Bunhill Fields Burial-Ground. The MSS. respecting Bun- hill Fields recently added to the Guildhall Library have been searched. The Rutledges and Smiths appear to have resided at Cam- berwell. The death of the former is duly recorded in the Gentleman's Magazine.
CHAS. H. CROUCH.
5, Grove Villas, Wanstead.
MIDDLESEX FAMILIES. Middlesex cannot boast of many long-resident "county" fami- lies, but there must be several armigerous and yeoman families who have continued to reside or hold lands from the fifteenth cen- tury, and in view of printing a compilation concerning such, I shall be glad to receive any information or suggestions from repre- sentatives and others interested.
6, Beechfield Road, Catford, S.E.
ANTONY PAYNE. In his ' Footprints of Former Men in Far Cornwall ' Hawker men- tions a portrait of Antony Payne, which was once in the possession of Gilbert, the historian of Cornwall, and after his death was found to be the work of Sir Godfrey Kneller, and sold for 800/. Can any one tell me the present whereabouts and owner of this picture ?
C. E. B.
GOODWIN. Could any of your readers inform me whether Cromwell ever had a secretary of the name of Godwin or Goodwin 1 FRANCIS P. MARCHANT.
"HooK IT." Am I correct in assuming that the term "hook it" is as old as the seventeenth century 1 If so, may it not have arisen from the constant necessity for flight via the Hook of Holland ?
Hotel Minerva, Florence.
[No instance of use earlier than the nineteenth century is supplied in ' Slang and its Analogues ' Ihe suggested derivation does not seem plausible.]
"COPPER," A POLICEMAN. I do not know and I cannot at this distance consult indexes whether any one has defined the origin of the slang term by which a policeman is
known to street arabs. Why copper 1 ? Am I correct in assuming that the term springs from the equally vulgar verb " to copper," or seize ? If so, a man who " coppers " would naturally become "a copper."
Hotel Minerva, Florence.
[According to 'Slang and its Analogues,' q.v., copper is from cop, to seize, to arrest.]
POPULAR MYTHS. Can any of your readers inform me if any book is published in which popular myths dealing with sacred and semi- sacred subjects are collected, such as the aspen quivering because the Cross was made of that wood, cattle in the fields all kneel- ing at midnight on Christmas Eve, dogs howling because a spirit passes, &c. 1
[Such books are numerous. One of the best known is S. Baring-Gould's ' Curious Myths of the Middle Ages,' which has passed through many editions.]
" WICK." I have not yet seen the ' Essex ' in the " Victoria History of the Counties of England," but in a review of it in the Standard on 9 April occurs the following :
"Our editors have succeeded in bringing to light a very ancient one [industry], of which the memory still survives in the word ' wick,' so common on the Essex coast. The word means a dairy, and these wicks were the seat of a great cheese-making industry, for which purpose large flocks of sheep were pastured in the Essex marshes, the cheese made being, of course, ewe-milk cheese."
I should like to know what authority there is for taking the word wick to mean dairy, and if it ever had this sense, whence it was derived. Hitherto it has always been sup-
Eosed that wick in place-names is either rom the Latin vicus or the Scandinavian vik, a creek or harbour. W. T. LYNN.
"MAN OF DESTINY." Who was the original "Man of Destiny"? Sir Walter Scott used the term in connexion with Napoleon I., and I have seen it somewhere applied to Napoleon III. But Schiller makes Wallen- stein say, " Ich fiihl's, dass ich der Mann des Schicksals bin" ('Tod/ III. xv. 171); and there seems to me a theological aroma about the phrase. J. DORMER.
HEIGHES AND KITCHENER FAMILIES. Can any one inform me in what publication there appeared, not long ago, an account of the families of Heighes and Kitchener of Bin- stead, co. Hants 1 Did any member of the family of Heighes marry any member of the family of Kitchener in the seventeenth cen- tury 1 ? Did Edward Heighes, of Binstead,