Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 19.djvu/804

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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

the nobler ambition of being counted among the learned and the good who strive to make the future better and happier than the past. And to this we shall attain if we will remind ourselves that, as in every pursuit of knowledge there is the charm of novelty, and in every attainment of truth utility, so in every use of it there may be charity. I do not mean only the charity which is in hospitals or in the service of the poor, great as is the privilege of our calling in that we may be its chief ministers; but that wider charity which is practiced in a constant sympathy and gentleness, in patience and self-devotion. And it is surely fair to hold that, as in every search for knowledge we may strengthen our intellectual power, so in every practical employment of it we may, if we will, improve our moral nature; we may obey the whole law of Christian love, we may illustrate the highest induction of scientific philanthropy.

Let us, then, resolve to devote ourselves to the promotion of the whole science, art, and charity of medicine. Let this resolve be to us as a vow of brotherhood; and may God help us in our work!—Nature.

INCREASE AND MOVEMENT OF THE COLORED POPULATION.
By J. STAHL PATTERSON.
II. MOVEMENT.

FOR the purpose of comparing the movement of the colored population before and since emancipation, we begin with the following table, which shows the percentage of colored increase in each of the slave States for the last decade of slavery:

STATES 1850 1860 Gain
per cent.
STATES 1850 1860 Gain
per cent.
Texas 58,568 182,921 212·4 Tennessee 245,881 283,019 15·1
Arkansas 47,708 111,259 133·2 North Carolina 316,011 361,522 14·4
Florida 40,242 62,677 55·8 Kentucky 220,992 236,167 6·9
Mississippi 310,808 437,404 40·7 Delaware 20,363 21,627 6·2
Louisiana 262,271 350,373 33·6 S Carolina 393,944 412,320 4·7
Missouri 90,040 115,503 31·6 Virginia 526,821 548,907 3·7
Alabama 345,109 437,770 26·8 Dist of Columb 13,746 14,317 4·1
Georgia 384,613 465,698 21·1 Maryland 165,091 171,131 3·7

It will be observed that South Carolina and the border States added very little to their colored population during this decade. This was largely due to emigration, no doubt; and in most of these States this took opposite directions, part of it going southward by compulsion, and part of it northward by choice. Canada in a small way, and the new and great planting States of the South mainly, received the benefit of these tendencies of the colored movement.

The following table gives the colored increase of the same States