Open main menu

Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 44.djvu/217

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

The remaining forty-nine counties only bring the total of almond trees in the State to 9,400 acres and that of walnuts to 14,912 acres. One can easily see how limited are the districts as yet devoted to these products. Three almond counties—Butte, Solano, and Alameda—contain nearly one half of the total acreage of the State; four walnut counties—Ventura, Orange, Los Angeles, and Santa Barbara contain more than four fifths of all the trees planted. The almond, however, is grown to some extent in forty-six counties and the walnut in forty-five. Italian chestnuts, pecans, and filberts have been planted to the extent of perhaps 100 acres. This makes the total acreage of nut-bearing trees in the State 24,413. It is not likely that more than 100 or 200 acres were overlooked. In round numbers there may possibly be 25,000 acres in this class of trees.

The last division contains the grapes and small fruits. Wine and raisin grapes have been very carefully tabulated each year, but table grapes with less attention to details, and small fruits not at all until recently. The grape industry is mostly carried on in the fourteen counties represented by the following table:

Table IV.Acreage of Grapes.

County. Wine grapes. Raisin grapes. Table grapes.
Alameda 6,396 164 236
Fresno 5,474 43,928 100
Los Angeles 4,632 671 1,182
Napa 18,177 10 52
Placer 354 500 1,421
Sacramento 3,131 385 2,550
San Bernardino 1,024 2,591 274
San Diego 132 4,455 510
Santa Clara 10,294 200 1,200
Santa Cruz 1,365 103 1,253
Solano 1,928 1,328 1,167
Sonoma 22,351 . . . . . 427
Tulare 70 10,264 100
Yolo 1,575 5,500 1,500
Total (14 counties) 76,903 70,077 11,972

The total acreage of wine grapes is 91,428; that of raisin grapes is 81,773; and that of table grapes is 18,732. Besides, the area devoted to small fruits, as far as can be ascertained, is 5,081 acres. Alameda, Sacramento, and San Joaquin contain over three fifths of the small-fruit area of the State.

Returning to grapes, the results are obtained from the statistics of the State Viticultural Commissioners' Report of 1891, with the figures for a few missing counties filled in from other reliable sources. As in previous tables, the chief centers of each department of the industry are easily recognized. Table grapes are of