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LITERARY NOTICES.

that the subjective mind is constantly amenable to control by suggestion. The third, or subsidiary, proposition is, that the subjective mind is incapable of inductive reasoning." The author proceeds to discuss the various classes of psychic phenomena on the basis of these propositions, especial attention being given to "psycho-therapeutics," or healing by suggestion. He analyzes carefully the results obtained by the prominent investigators of hypnotism, rejecting many of the inferences of certain too enthusiastic hypnotists. He denies that a hypnotic subject can be led into criminal acts by suggestion when the subject would not commit such acts independently. The common principle underlying the healing effect of the faith cure, mind cure. Christian science, etc., is sought for, and a new system of mental therapeutics is then set forth. The author accepts the phenomena of spiritism as realities, but denies that they are produced by the agency of the dead. In the closing chapters the physical manifestations and the spiritual philosophy of Christ are discussed. The book is temperate in tone, and its style is graceful and concise.

Minerva. Jahrbuch der gelehrten Welt (Minerva. Year-Book of the Learned World). Edited by Dr. R. Kukula and K. Trübner. Third Year: 1893-'94. Strasburg, Germany: Karl J. Trübner. Pp. 861.

The compilers profess in this, the third year's issue of their work, to have endeavored to approach still nearer to their purpose, which is defined to be to furnish the most authentic and complete data possible concerning the scientific institutions of the whole world. The accounts of many institutions have been made more complete, and others which were wanting have been added. Of German institutions the more important archives have been revised and a number of libraries not before included; of Austrian, the archives and the university institutes; of French, the provincial libraries, for which last the special services of Ulysses Robert, inspector-general of French libraries and archives, are acknowledged. Other additional and fuller facts have been furnished concerning Scandinavian and Russian institutions by Prof. Lundell, of Upsala. Assistance has been given by Signor Chilovi, of the National Central Library in Florence; Prof. T. E. Holland, of Oxford; Prof. J. E. Sandys, of Cambridge; Prof. Gallie, of Utrecht; Prof Nicholas Murray Butler, of New York; and others in Bucharest and Vienna. Dr. Reinold Rost, of the India Office, London, describes the institutions of India, and Dr. Vallers, of Cairo, the Arabian Academy of that place. The volume contains a list of the institutions arranged geographically; descriptions of technical and agricultural high schools, veterinary schools, academies of forestry, and other independent scientific institutions, libraries, and archives, arranged in alphabetical order; statistics of students attending the institutions; and a personal register. In the United States are described twenty-eight universities and colleges, two technical schools, two theological seminaries, twenty-seven libraries (not college libraries), nineteen independent observatories, four learned societies (in New York and Philadelphia), six museums, and the department institutions in Washington.

 

The Report for 1892, of the Board of Control of the New York Agricultural Experiment Station notices the improvements that were made in the property of the station, and carries with it, in the reports of the director and others, accounts of the researches that were carried on. These researches, which were also the subject of bulletins, concern the feeding of hens and chickens, black knot on the plum and cherry, spraying with fungicides, analyses of materials used in spraying and the influence of copper compounds in soils on vegetation, analysis of commercial fertilizers, the manufacture of cheese, and diseases of the bean. An address by Director Peter Collier on What is the New York Agricultural Experiment Station doing for the Farmer? is published in the report, and conveys much information concerning the general working of the station and its usefulness.

Dr. Eduard Suess, Professor of Geology at the University of Vienna, published a volume a few years ago on The Future of Gold, in which he tried to show that from geological indications we must expect in the future a scarcity of gold and an abundance of silver, and that the extension of the gold standard to all civilized, states is impossible.