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SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE.

social." When we study any transformation whatever we may hit upon, taking variations as they come, we find that as a consequence of it some parts of the structure become useless, and their gradual elimination ensues, as in the interest of the organization itself, considered as a whole. The working of this principle is considered in its various aspects in the worlds of organic life and society. (Paris: Félix Alcan, Bibliothèque Scientifique Internationale.)

The Bibliography of the Anthropology of Peru, published by George A. Dorsey in the Anthropological Series of the Papers of the Field Columbian Museum, Chicago, shows that the list of books and papers relating to the subject is a very considerable one and would of itself furnish a respectable library; yet the compiler does not pretend that it is exhaustive. He has only done his best with the material accessible to him. His aim has been, so far as possible, to cover the whole ground, and to include such works from the earliest times down to the present day as treat of the modern Indians and of the Peruvians of ancient times, and to include all known editions of the early Spanish authorities. Interest and value are added to his work by the short biographical sketches he furnishes of about fifty of the more important authors of the early Spanish times. Mr. Dorsey hopes to follow this work with an index by subjects and topics.

The eleventh volume of the Annals of the Argentine Meteorological Office (Anales de la Officina Meteorológica Argentina), Walter G. Davis, director, covers the observations of the year 1893. It includes elaborate tables similar to those which have characterized previous volumes of the Anales, with climatic details, at the stations of San Jorge (Cordoba), Isla de los Estados, Chos-Malal, Paramillo de Uspallata, on Potro Muerto; with, in addition, summaries of monthly observations from October, 1895, till December, 1896, at Isla de los Estados, and from May till August, 1896, at Chos-Malal. Twelve new stations were established during the year covered by the report. Voluntary observations of the principal meteorological elements were received from thirty-six points, and of rain from seventy-three. Reports of observations made six times a day were received from Concepcion, Paraguay. Stations have been established outside of the republic, near its frontiers, in cases where suitable points could not be found in the same latitudes within the national territory, whereby important data have been secured that would otherwise have been missed.


PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.

Adams, C. J. The Matterhorn Head and other Poems. Rossville, Staten Island, New York: The Bureau of Biophilism. Pp. 20.

Agricultural Experiment Stations. Bulletins and Reports. Michigan State Agricultural College: Elementary Science Series. No. 1. Beans and Peas before and after Sprouting; No. 2. Wheat and Buckwheat, ditto; Seeds of Clover and Timothy, ditto; Observations on the Leaves of Clovers at Different Times of the Day. All by W. J. Beal. Pp. 8 each; Report of the Botanical Department of Michigan State Agricultural College. By W. J. Beal. Pp. 24; Michigan Monthly Bureau of Vital Statistics, May, 1898. Pp. 20.—New Jersey: No. 120. Asparagus Rust. Pp. 20.—New York: Popular Editions of No. 139. Plant Lice; No. 140. Wood Ashes not an Apple-Scab Preventive; No. 141. Some Results in Stock Feeding. Pp. 6 each; Bulletin No. 142. Director's Report for 1897. Pp. 24.—United States Department of Agriculture: Farmer's Bulletin No. 74. Milk as Food. Pp. 40; Miscellaneous No. 1.5. Changes in the Rates of Charge of Railway and other Transportation Services. By H. C. Newcomb. Pp. 80.—West Virginia: No. 52. Strawberries. By L. C. Corbett. Pp. 24.

American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia. Record. Quarterly. Vol. IX. No. 2. June, 1898. Pp. 180. 50 cents; $2 a year.

Aveling, Eleanor Marx. History of the Commune of 1871. Translated from the French of Lissagaray. New York: International Publishing Company, 23 Duane Street. Pp. 500.

Baldwin, J. M. The Story of the Mind. (Library of Useful Stories.) New York: D. Appleton and Company. Pp. 236. 40 cents.

Barnes, C. R. Plant Life, considered with Special Reference to Form and Function. New York: Henry Holt & Co. Pp. 478. $1.12.

Bulletins, Reports, and Proceedings. American Museum of Natural History: Memoirs, Anthropological. The Jesup North Pacific Expedition. Facial Paintings of the Indians of North British Columbia. By Franz Boas. Pp. 24, with 5 plates.—Baltimore Medical College: Annual Announcement and Catalogue, 1898-'99. Pp. 32.—Indiana: Report on Geology and Mineral Resources, 1897. Pp. 1197.—Johns Hopkins University: General Statements as to the Courses of Instruction. Pp. 20.—Minnesota: Botanical Studies. Conway MacMillan, State Botanist. Second Series. Part I. Pp. 68.—Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College: The Geological History of the Isthmus of Panama and Portions of Costa Rica. By Robert T. Hill. Pp. 140, with 13 plates.—Torrey Botanical Club: Bulletin. July, 1898. L. M. Underwood, Editor. Pp. 60. $2 a year.—Yale University Observatory: Report of the Managers for 1897-'98. Pp. 22.—United States Department of Labor: Bulletin. July, 1898. Economic Aspects of the Liquor Problem and other Subjects. Pp. 156.—United States Commissioner of Education: Report for 1896-'97. Pp. 1136.—University Geological Survey of Kansas: Vol. IV. Paleontology. Pp. 594, with plates.