Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 89.djvu/483

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A Child's Morris Chair

��THE drawing and illustrations arc for a Morris chair suitable for a child from six to twelve years of age. A number of them have been successfully made in the eighth grade of New York City schools.

With slight changes in the dimensions, such as one inch added to the length of the legs, and an inch wider and deeper, the chair fits a boy or girl from twelve to fifteen years of age.

All the lumber can be bought mill- dressed to exact dimensions, given below.

Bill of Materi.\ls Finished dimensions:

Legs Ur

Front and back


Side rails ^4

Arm pieces 3^"

4 Slats (for sides) . . 2 Supports for seat.. 2 Stiles for back . . . 4 Rails (for back) . . 2 Front pieces for


2 Side pieces for


4 Brackets K

I Stick (rest for




X3" X3M" X4" xiK"

X2 X2"



17 'A" 18"



18" 9K"



��X 12K" X I5K"

��back) ,



��I Dowel rod } 2" diameter

The cost of all lumber and upholster- ing, including a good quality of imitation leather for the seat and back, amounted to $1.75.

Begin by laying out all mortise and tenon joints on legs and rails. The tenons are i A ins. long and the mortises are }4 '"• from the outside of the legs. The ends of the tenons are be\-eled, i in. from the shoulders, so as to obtain the largest possible gluing surface. The slats at the sides are not tenoned but "housed in," making the mortises in the rails ver\- accurate. This extra care saves the time which is required if tenons are cut on the slats.

The legs arc tenoned and project J/g in. abo\-e the arms. Four brackets shown in the drawing are glued under the arms and help to strengthen them.

��While the parts are gluing, the back is made and assembled. The parts of the back arc doweled and glued. When finished it is hinged to the back rail as shown in the drawing. This enables the back to fold forwards as well as back- wards, and prevents it from being wrenched off.

At the rear end of the arms are three plugs which are mortised in, to a depth of J2 in. in front of where the cross stick rests which adjusts the back to different angles. Great care must be taken in laying out and gluing these plugs, as they must be exactly the same distance from the rear legs.

To finish the chair, scrapie and sand- paper all surfaces. Be sure to remove all surplus glue. Choose color of stain desired. An oil stain is the easiest to apply and will give satisfactory results. After applying the stain wait until the gloss disappears, then rub down with cotton waste. Allow the chair to dry for forty-eight hours, then apply two thin coats of shellac, and rub down with 00 sandpaper, 00 steel wool. A few drop)s of sweet oil on the sandpaper will improve the polish.

The seat rests on cleats fastened to the front and back rails. The cleat on the back rail should be about an inch lower than the one on the front rail.

The seat is made as follows: Construct a frame of material, 2 ins. wide and

���The Framework of the Chair Completed To the Left is the Hinge Connection


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