�made at home, an outfit of awnings will not be expensive. The material is cheap, if pur- chased in bulk, and the only [/ IT equipment required for the manu- facture is a sewing machine, a pair of shears, a small pipe-wrench, a hack-saw, and a ^-in.pipe die. The frame is made from «H$-in. galvanized pipe and fittings. Black pipe will rust. For example take an awning 24 ft. long, sup- ported on four pillars, and hav- ing about a 4^ ft. reach. Assume a porch 9 ft. from floor to plate. The fringe or va- lance should not be nearer the floor than 4 ft. when fully low- ered. This will protect the eyes when sitting from an almost level sunlight. Mea- sure the porch, and chalk out on the floor a profile view as shown in Fig. 1. Put a 2-in by i^-in. batten along the front of the plate as shown. This takes the screw eyes used to fast- en the awning at
the top, and prevents marring the paint. It can be taken down by removing a few brass screws when the awning is stored for
��oAwnmgsfoT the Veranda and How they areZMade.
the winter season. Chalk the position of the batten on the diagram. Lay off the outline of the end piece, remembering to allow 8 in. for the balance. If the material shows alike on both sides, it will save waste in cutting the end pieces. If it has alternate stripes of white and a solid color, this is sure to be the case. Otherwise it must be examined carefully before cutting, to make sure that no difference in appear- ance is visible.
For the canopy, cut the goods into lengths of exactly 7 ft. This allows a 2-im hem at the top, 6 ft. 1^ in. for the slope, 8 in. for the valance, with an allowance of 3^ in. for take up where it folds around the frame. In selvedge sewing, lay the two pieces with selvedges parallel, one project- ing about 5/16 in. past the other. Turn this pro- jecting edge over the other, and sew as shown at
A. Then unfold until flat and sew again as shown at
B. Repeat this process with each selvedge joint until the required length is put to- gether. Be sure the sewing ma- chine takes a fairly fine stitch, properly locked, and does not draw.
When com- pleted, draw each seam over the edge of a table or the back of a chair to smooth it and equalize the stitching, should be about
��The manner of making the cloth joints and sewing the seams, also the details of the pipe frame
24 ft., 1 }/2 in. long. The selvedge seama
have each taken up ab^ut % in. If the