Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 91.djvu/661

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Popular Science Monthly A Perfect Bread Slicing Machine for the Commissariat

ANEW bread-slicing machine re- cently devised by two Washing- ton men — W. H. Garlock and W. J. Stubbe, of Seattle, slices an entire loaf at one operation without crush- ing, tearing, or breaking the slices.

A number of knives, supported in two frames, are operated vertically and simultaneously but in opposite directions. W T hen one set of knives is traveling up, the other set is travel- ing down. By this arrangement the friction in the slicing operation is counteracted and the softest and hardest baked loaf can be sliced equally well.

The workman operates the knives by pressing on a treadle. A second operator at the rear or side of the machine then moves a lever that operates a mechanism that ejects the slices of bread. Meanwhile a release of pressure on the treadle permits a weight to restore the carriage of the machine to its initial position, and a plate is automatically drawn from under the slices, allowing them to roll into a recep- tacle beneath. When delicate cakes are cut the slices are lifted by

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���To a submarine a few miles distant, the ship above seems to fade away into a glittering, shimmering haze!

��out

��hand

���A Leopard Ship of the Sea — Even the Masts Are Spotted

FOOLING the enemy is a remunerative and interesting pastime with the Allies. They have their camouflage on land; now comes the camouflage of the sea. A ship is painted with spots which fade out into a glittering and shimmering haze in the sunlight. A submarine commander one or two miles distant might look straight at the ship and never see her.

The spots are of light gray and navy

blue, which, even on a sunless day

blend with the waves of the ocean.

The indistinct outline which this

gives makes the ship a poor target.

��The bread slicer is operated by a treadle. A whole loaf is cut at one operation

��Fat People Are Unpatriotic. Give Up Your Fat to the Nation

ACCORDING to statistics compiled by the Life In- surance companies, there are, between the ages of thirty-five and fifty-five years, a vast number of people who are hoarding and accumulating fat enough to supply energy equivalent to that of 690,355,533 loaves of bread, enough to supply an army of 3,000,000 men for sixty days. A man who is forty pounds overweight is carrying on his body the equivalent in fuel value of 135 one-pound loaves of bread.

If the guilty ones would cease this accumulation (which they are willing enough to do) it would release much-needed fuel foods, such as wheat, corn, oats, barley and rye. There are two ways of surrendering this fat. One is by judicious exercise and the other is by substituting other foods for the fat-building kinds.

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