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be known (to form) the triple Veda; he who knows them, (is called) learned in the Veda.

266. The initial triliteral Brahman on which the threefold (sacred science) is based, is another triple Veda which must be kept secret; he who knows that, (is called) learned in the Veda.


Chapter XII.

1. 'O sinless One, the whole sacred law, (applicable) to the four castes, has been declared by thee; communicate to us (now), according to the truth, the ultimate retribution for (their) deeds.'

2. To the great sages (who addressed him thus) righteous Bhrigu, sprung from Manu, answered, 'Hear the decision concerning this whole connexion with actions.'

3. Action, which springs from the mind, from speech, and from the body, produces either good or evil results; by action are caused the (various) conditions of men, the highest, the middling, and the lowest.

4. Know that the mind is the instigator here below, even to that (action) which is connected with the body, (and) which is of three kinds, has three locations, and falls under ten heads.



Samhitâ, not those read in the Brâhmana or those recited according to the Samhitâpâtha, not those recited according to the Pada or Kramapâthas.' Gov. gives the first explanation only.

266. K. omits this verse, and inserts in its stead the following lines:

esha vo vadita[’bhihita]s sarvah prâyaskittavinitnayah |

naihsreyasam karmavidhim viprasyaitam nibodhata ||

atah param pravakshyâmi samsâravidhim uttamam |

Nand. gives the first two lines after verse 266, reading, however, ityeshâ(?)bhihitah.

XII. 1. Râgh. takes tattvatah parâm separately and explains the second line as follows: 'communicate to us (now) the retribution for (their) deeds (and) supreme (liberation, which springs) from (the recognition of) truth.

4. 'Of three kinds,' i. e. ' good, middling, or bad.' 'Has three locations,' i. e. 'the mind, speech, and the body.' 'Falls under ten heads,' i. e. 'those mentioned in verses 5–7 The mind, which is here called the instigator, is the internal organ, which has the faculty of samkalpa, 'volition.'