GERMAN EMPIRE : — BAVARIA
25 other hereditary ' Reichsriithe ' ; to which are added a Roman Catholic bishop aud the president of the Protestant Oberconsistorialrath, and 17 lite- members appointed by the Crown. The number of life-members so appointed must not exceed one-third of the hereditary councillors. The Lower House, or Chamber of Representatives, consists of deputies, chosen indirectly, the people returning ' "VVahlmiinner, ' or electors, 1 for every 500 of the population, Avho nominate the deputies. To be a deputy, it is necessary to be a Bavarian citizen and to pay direct State taxes and to be past thirty ; to be on the electoral lists, it is required to be twenty-five years of age, and to have paid for six months previously direct taxation. The representation of the country is calculated at the rate of one deputy to 31,500 souls of the whole population. The Lower House is composed of 159 representatives, who, with the exception of those resident in Munich, receive 10 marks a day during the session, and travel free over the railways.
The executive is carried on, in the name of the king, by a * Staatsrath, ' or Council of State, consisting of six members, besides the Ministers and one prince of the blood-royal ; and by the Ministry of State, divided into six departments, namely, of the Royal House and of Foreign Affairs, of Justice, of the Interior, of Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs, of Finance, and of War.
Area and Population.
The kingdom has an area of 75,870 square kilometres, or 29,286 English square miles. The following table exhibits the area and population of the whole, and of each of the eight Regierungshezirke or government districts, into which it is divided for administrative purposes : —
Area, Eng. sq. miles
sq. mile, 1895
Upper Bavaria (Oberbayern) Lower Bavaria (Niederbayern) Palatinate (Rheinpfalz) Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) Upper Franconia (Oberfranken) . Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken) Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) . Suabia (Schwaben)
6,456 4,152 2,288 3,728 2,702 2,925 3,243 3,792
1,103,160 664,798 728,339 537,954 573,320 700,606 618,489 668,316
1,186,950 673,523 765,991 546,834 586,061 737,181 632,588 689,416
183-9 162-2 334-8 146-7 216-9 252-0 195-1 181-9
To this area has to be added 257 square miles for water. In 1866 Bavaria was compelled to cede nearly 300 square miles to Prussia. The increase of the population since 1880 has been as follows : —
.5,284,778 .5,420,199 5,594,982 5,818,544
_ .. ., Annual Increase Density per sq.nnlo percent.
180-4 ' 1-04 185-1 , 0-51 191-0 0-63 198-7 0-78
1880 1885 1890 1895