Page:The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Birds Vol 1).djvu/337

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LIOPARUS.

Measurements. Wing 53 to 57 mm.; tail about 54 inni.; tarsus about L'2 mm.; culinen about 9 mm.

Distribution. Yunnan and W^. Cbina and ? 8banStates. Eggs of a Fulvetta sent nie I'roui the Eastern Slum States probably belonged to this race.

Nidification and Habits. Frequents mountains between 7,000 and 11,000 feet elevation.

Genus LIOPARUS Gates, 1889.

As pointed out by Gates this genus differs from Fulvetta in having the hairs over the nostrils longer and tiie rictal bristles much longer; a siiorter, broader bill and, especially, by its much shorter hind claw. The genus contains but one very little-known species which Hodgson first called chri/sotis and then later altered to chri/sieus. The former name, however, must stand.

(309) Lioparus chrysotis.

The Golden-breasteu Fitlvetta.

Fro/xinis chrysotis (Ilodgs.), Blyth, J. A.S. B., xiii, p. 938 (1884) (Sikldm).
Lioparus c/tri/scens. lllanf. & Oates, i, p. 174,

Vernacular names. Prony-samyer-pho (Lepcha).

Description. Forehead, crown, nape and lores soft blackish- ashy; ear-coverts, cheeks and a ring round the eye silvery-white, the first streaked with ashy; back and scapulars ashy-olie; rump and upper tail-coverts olive-green; tail brown, ti( basal two- thirds of all the featliers margined with orange-yellow; wing- coverts black; wings dark brown, the first five primaries edged with orange-yellow; the outer secondaries all broadly margined with the same and tipped with white; the inner seconchiries broadly margined witli white on the inner webs; chin and throat silvery- ashy-brovvn; remainder of lower plumage bright orange-yellow.

Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; bill plumbeous, paler below; legs pale fieshy.

Measurements. Total length about 110 mm.; wing 50 to 54 mm.; tail about 50 mm.; tarsus about 23 mm.; culmen about 8 mm.

Distribution. Nepal, vSikkim and Assam in the higher ranges both North and South of the Brahmaputra, Manipur,

Nidification. Hodgson describes the nests as oval, measuring about t)"x4-5", made almost entirely of bamboo leaves and grass and lined with grass and moss roots. Nests taken by H. Stevens in Nepal agree well with the above but are smaller and are very deep cups, not domed, densely lined t feathers. They were placed in chimps of bamboo as were Hodgson's. The eggs, three in number, are white, deeply tinged with pink before being blown, with blotches and spots of sienna-brown and pale