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The Legal World but the number of students studying law in these schools increased from 13,912 to 20,760 in the same period. Law stu dents having a collegiate degree doubled in ten years. Financially the law schools show a remarkableadvance. The endow ment funds jumped from half a million to nearly two million dollars; the grounds and buildings tripled in value; and the total income in 1912 was $1,368,000, as against $523,000 in 1902. The 387,000 volumes in the law school libraries of 1902 had grown to 936,000 in 1912.

John H. Patterson, president of the National Cash Register Company, who with twenty-eight other officials or former officials of the company was convicted of criminal violation of the Sherman anti-trust law, was sentenced by Judge Hollister in the federal Dis trict Court at Cincinnati Feb. 17 to pay a fine of $5,000 and to serve one year in jail. The twenty-eight other defendants were sentenced to terms ranging from nine months to a year in jail and to pay the costs. The men were convicted Feb. 13 of having violated the criminal section of the Sherman anti-trust law. Judge Hollister severely arraigned the defendants, declaring that the maintenance of the competition de partment, with its "gloom room" and "morgue" constituted business methods that should not be countenanced. Dur ing the course of the trial, which opened on Nov. 19, and occupied more than fifty days in the courtroom, evidence was introduced which substantiated all that the Government had charged. So weak was the defense that the jury, despite the tremendous mass of testimony given, reached a unanimous verdict inside of ten hours. Formal notice of an appeal to the United States Circuit Court was given by attorneys of the defendants.


The only other case under the Sherman act where prison sentences were imposed was in the so-called "turpentine" trust conviction of 1909, when five officials of the American Naval Stores Com pany were condemned to three months each, in addition to fines of $2000 to $5000.

Obituary) Barnes, William, Sr., a specialist in insurance law, and prominent as a for mer Republican leader in New York, died in Nantucket, Mass., Feb. 23, in his eighty-ninth year. Bovee, Christian N., of the New York law firm of Woodford, Bovee and But cher, died March 4. He was an attorney for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company for a number of years and counsel for the Union Dime Savings Bank since 1897. Carter, Joseph N., for nine years a member of the Illinois Supreme Court, five of which were served as Chief Justice, died at his home in Quincy, HI., Feb. 6. He was a native of Kentucky and graduate of the University of Michigan. He served in the Illinois legislature and in 1894 was elected to the Supreme Court. Ellwanger, William D., of Rochester, N. Y., was like his father before him an expert in the knowledge of shrubs and flowers. Mr. Ellwanger, who died Feb. 16, was at one time a partner in the oldest law firm of Rochester. Of late he had written much, both in prose and in verse, his works including "The Collecting of Stevensons," "Some Re ligious Helps to a Literary Style," "A Snuff Box full of Trees," "A Summer Snowflake and Drift of Other Verse and Song" and "The Oriental Rug."