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The Green Bag

minous materials. Part I is a digest of statute law, and Part II contains the text of the statutes. The treatment is by states arranged in alphabetical order, and the digest follows a uniform scheme of numbered sections, based on the federal law. To ascertain the law relating to the use of colors and bleaches in food, for example, it is only necessary to turn to no. 36 in the digest of the federal law, and to the same number under any of the state heads. The testi monials of many public officials bear witness to the accuracy with which the Manual has been prepared. The quota tions from judicial decisions and from administrative orders and bulletins add to the value of the work, which is suffic iently up-to-date to include the session laws of 1912.

BOOKS RECEIVED American City Government: a survey of newer tendencies. By Charles A. Beard, Associate Pro fessor of Politics in Columbia University. Century Co., New York. Pp. 386 + 27 (appendices) + 7 (index) . The Government of American Cities. By Wil liam Bennett Munro, Ph.D., LL.B., Professor of Municipal Government in Harvard University. Macmillan Company, New York. Pp. 385 + 16 (index). ($2.25 net.) The Fourteenth Amendment and the States: a study of the Operation of the Restraint Clauses of Section One of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. By Charles Wallace Collins, M.A.,. sometime Fellow in the University of Chicago, member of the Alabama bar. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. Pp. 174 + 33 (appen dices) + 13 (index). ($2 net.) A Journey to Ohio in 1810, as recorded in the journal of Margaret Van Horn Dwight. Yale Historical Manuscripts. Edited with an intro duction by Max Farrand. Yale University Press, New Haven. Pp. 64. ($1 net.) The Essentials of International Public Law. By Amos S. Hershey, Ph.D., Professor of Political Science and International Law in Indiana Univer sity, author of The International Law and Diplo macy of the Russo-Japanese War. Macmillan Co.. New York. Pp. xlviii, 532 + 26 (index). ($3 net.)

Index to Periodicals Articles on Topics of Legal Science and Related Subjects Administration of Justice. "Some Prac tical Remedies for Existing Defects in the Ad ministration of Justice." By Charles A. Boston. 61 Univ. of Pa. Law Review 1 (Nov.). A valuable paper, dealing in facts rather than in generalizations, and most helpful and practical on this account. For example, Mr. Boston deals with the evils of defective systems of prac tice, and the civil jury. The jury, he says, "is the one inapt element in our system of admin istering justice, antiquated, crude and inefficient, causing congestion, leading to waste, and per petuating technicality, in order that it may even approximate fairness. If judges are for any reason not desirable triers of fact, then at least the public money would be better spent, public business better expedited, and better results reached if we had standing triers of fact skilled in the art, through experience, and therefore better equipped psychologically for their func tion." The efficiency of the judicial branch of the government, says Mr. Boston, is to be secured by the establishment and observance of universal principles, rather than by the occasional employ ment of any one remedy. "The judges," on the whole, "are an unusually conscientious and

competent body." But the efficiency of judi ciary organization and administration can be greatly increased. A more careful selection of candidates for the judiciary is needed: — "It is always said in discouragement of such efforts that you cannot legislate morals into people; that you cannot make people good by enacting that they shall be good; that is true, but you can change a style of dress in a single season and for practically a whole sex in a civilized land by letting a few people adopt it, and a few newspapers talk about it; so you can set the reading public all to reading and discuss ing the same book by judicious advertising; likewise you can make good manners and better ethics fashionable with the bar and the bench by advertising them and calling public attention to them; and one way to do this is for the bar to call attention to proper standards, and to take thought for increasing efficiency on the bench by directing common thought to the essentials of judicial conduct and demeanor." Biography. "Daniel O'Connell as an Advo cate." By J. A. Lovat-Fraser. 38 Law Maga zine and Review 58 (Nov.). "His demeanor towards the judges was at times extremely insulting and offensive. 'Good God, my lord' he once said at Cork Assizes to a judge who had employed his evening after his day's work in refreshing his memory upon some