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Page:The despatches of Hernando Cortes.djvu/384

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362 LETTERS OF CORTES. Cimaclan, Tabasco, and Quizaltepeque, have lately re- belled, and a month ago I sent a captain with a force from this city to reduce them to your Majesty's service, and punish their rebellipn. I have as yet received no news of him, but I believe, if it please our Lord, that they will have good success, since they were well provided with artillery, munitions of war, bowmen and cavalry. In my former despatch. Most Catholic Sire, of which Juan de Rivera was the bearer, I informed your imperial and Catholic Majesty that a great province, called Me- chuacan, the lord of which was named Casulci, had offered its homage through messengers, who brought a certain present, which I forwarded from this New Spain to your Highness by the deputies ; and as, according to the accounts brought by several Spaniards that I sent thither, the province and seignory of the Senor Casulci* was of great extent, and possessed much wealth, of which they saw the proofs ; it being so near this great city, after I had obtained a reinforcement of men and horses, I commissioned a captain with seventy horse and two hundred foot, well provided with arms and artillery, to visit that province, and explore it, and if it was found to be as represented, to establish a colony in the princi- pal city of Huicicila. He accordingly departed, and was well received by the Senor and the inhabitants of

  • This name is more properly written Catzolcin. The dominions of this na-

tive province comprised the most fertile portions of Mexico, to some part of which, called by the Spaniards the Province of Valladolid, the primitive name of Mechuacan has been of late restored. In 1531, Don Nuno de Guzman, a Spanish governor, having invaded the northern part of Mechuacan, now called Jalisco, took the cacique prisoner, and having seized ten thousand marcs of sil- ver, besides a considerable amount of gold, and sis thousand Indians for the use of his army, burned at the stake Catzolcin and many of his nobles. This un- necessary cruelty, says Lorenzana, was signally punished : Guzman was de- posed from office, arrested, and sent to Spain, where he died suddenly, under the displeasure of the king. V