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Page:United States Reports, Volume 2.djvu/468

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462 Casas ruled and adjudged in the •7o3· complained of it it as an indecency olfered to his perfon and vv`• cliaraéler. And, indeed, that King: lhould imagine themfelves the jinal eo:¢.¢, for which snen were made, and focieeiu were formed, and Gowmmentr were inltituted, will eeale to be a mat- ter of wonder or furprile, when we lind that lawyers, and hatef- men, and philofophers, have taught or favoured principles,'which neceifarily lead to the fame conelulion. Another iultance, equally ltrong, but Rill more allonilhing, is drawn from the Briti/b Government, as defcribed by Sir W illinm Blneylone and his followers. As defcribed by him and them, the Briiyle is a defpotie Government. It is a Government without a people. In that Government, as fo defcribed, the jbvereignty is polfetfed. by the Parliament : In the Parliament; therefore, the fupreme and abfolute authority is veiled :* In the Parliament relides that incontrolable and defpotic power, which, in all Govern- · ments, mult reiide fomewhere. The conflituent parts of the Parliament are the King': Majelty, the Lord’s Spiritual, the Loril’s Temporal, and the Commons. The King and thefe three Eflates together form the great corporation or body politic of the Kingdom. All thefe fentiments are found ; the lalt expretl lions are found wrhtimf in the commentaries upon the laws of England.]; The Parliament form the great body politic of En- gland I Wbnt, then, or where, are the 1·t·101·x.¤ ? Nothing! No wbere! They are_ not fo much as even the “ bafelefs fabric of a vilion !” From legal contemplation they totally difappear l= `Am Inot warranted in faying, that, if this is ajulk defcription ;. a Government, fo and jullly fo defcribed, is a defpotic Go- vernment ? Whether this defcription is or is not a juli one, is a quellion of very dilferent import. In the Unimf Smm, and in the fevcral States, which com- pofe the Union, wc go not fo far : butliill we go one _/izp far- ther than we ought to goin this unnatural and inverted order of things. The _/Inter, rather than the 1>eo1>!.1=., for whofe fakes the States exili, are frequently the objeéls which attraét and arrell our principal attention. This, I believe, has produced much of the confulion and perplexity, which have appeared in feveral proceedings and feveral publications on llate-politics, and on the politics, too, of the United Stun:. Sentiments and exprell lions of this inaccurate kind prevail in our common, even in our •·onvivial,langnage._ Is a toalk alked? “ The United S!nte.r,” inllcad of the *¢ People of the United Stnm," is the toall gi- uzn. This is not palitirnlq correét. The toali is meant to pre- {cnt to view tliejigl great objeét in the Union : It prefents only the _/mn.! : It prefcnts only the artgfrinl perfon, inliead of the n·z.*nrnl pcrfons, who {poke it into cxillencc. A Smrrl cheer- full V ' Bl. .1.6-—_;:. 1.;;. we-16;. ·l Bl. tg;. Q Bi'. 1;;;