PUBLIC LAW 100-203—DEC. 22, 1987
101 STAT. 1330-163
"(iv) dietary services that assure that the meals meet the daily nutritional and special dietary needs of each resident; "(v) an on-going program, directed by a qualified professional, of activities designed to meet the interests and the physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of each resident; and "(vi) routine and emergency dental services to meet the needs of each resident. The services provided or arranged by the facility must meet professional standards of quality. Nothing in clause (vi) shall be construed as requiring a facility to provide or arrange for dental services described in that clause without additional charge. "(B) QuAUFiED PERSONS PROVIDING SERVICES.—Services described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), and (vi) of subparagraph (A) must be provided by qualified persons in accordance with each resident's written plan of care. "(C) REQUIRED NURSING CARE.—
"(i) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in clause (ii), a skilled nursing facility must provide 24-hour nursing service which is sufficient to meet nursing needs of its residents and must employ the services of a registered professional nurse at least during the day tour of duty (of at legist 8 hours a day) 7 days a week. "(ii) EXCEPTION.—To the extent that clause (i) may be deemed to require that a skilled nursing facility engage the services of a registered professional nurse for more than 40 hours a week, the Secretary is authorized to waive such requirement if the Secretary finds that— "(I) the facility is located in a rural area and the supply of skilled nursing facility services in such area is not sufficient to meet the needs of individuals residing therein, "(II) the facility has one full-time registered professional nurse who is regularly on duty at such facility 40 hours a week, and "(III) the facility either has only patients whose physicians have indicated (through physicians' orders or admission notes) that each such patient does not require the services of a registered nurse or a physician for a 48-hour period, or has made arrangements for a registered professional nurse or a physician to spend such time at such facility as may be indicated as necessary by the physician to provide necessary skilled nursing services on days when the regular full-time registered professional nurse is not on duty. A waiver under this subparagraph shall be subject to annual renewal.
- (5) REQUIRED TRAINING OF NURSE AIDES.—
"(A) IN GENERAL.—A skilled nursing facility must not use (on a full-time, temporary, per diem, or other basis) any individual, who is not a licensed health professional (as defined in subparagraph (E)), as a nurse aide in the facility on or after October 1, 1989, (or January 1, 1990, in the CEise of an individual used by the facility as a nurse aide before