PUBLIC LAW 100-418—AUG. 23, 1988
102 STAT. 1123
(ii) the acts, practices, or policies of any foreign government which, as a practical matter, unreasonably require that— (I) substantial direct investment in the foreign countiy be made, (II) intellectual property be licensed to the for- Copyrights. eign country or to any firm of the foreign country, Patents and trademarks. or (III) other collateral concessions be made, as a condition for the importation of any product or service of the United S t a t ^ into the foreign country or as a condition for carrying on business in the foreign country. (9) TRADE IN SERVICES.—
(A) The principal negotiating objectives of the United States r ^ a r d i n g trade in services are— (i) to reduce or to eliminate barriers to, or other distortions of, international trade in services, including barriers that deny national treatment and restrictions on establishment and operation in such markets; and (ii) to develop internationaly agreed rules, including dispute settlement procedures, which— (I) are consistent with the commercial policies of the United States, and (II) will reduce or eliminate such barriers or distortions, and help ensure fair, equitable opportunities for foreign markets. (B) In pursuing the negotiating objectives described in subparagraph (A), United States negotiators shall take into account legitimate United States domestic objectives including, but not limited to, the protection of I n t i m a t e health or safety, essential security, environmental, consumer or employment opportunity interests and the law and regulations related thereto. (10) INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.—The principal negotiating objectives of the United States r ^ a r d i n g intellectual property are— (A) to seek the enactment and effective enforcement by foreign countries of laws which— (i) recognize and adequately protect intellectual property, including copyr^hts, patents, trademarks, semiconductor chip layout designs, and trade secrets, and (ii) provide protection against unfair competition, (B) to establish in the GATT obligations— (i) to implement adequate substantive standards based on— C the standards in existing international agreeD ments that provide adequate protection, and (ID the standards in national laws if international agreement standards are inadequate or do
not exist, (ii) to establish effective procedures to enforce, both .^ internally and at the border, the standards implemented under clause (i), and (iii) to implement effective dispute settlement procedures that improve on existing GATT procedures; (Q to recognize that the inclusion in the GATT of—
CopjT-ights. Patents and trademarks.