102 STAT. 1210
PUBLIC LAW 100-418—AUG. 23, 1988 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—
(1) The section heading for such section 779 is amended by striking out "DRAWBACKS" and inserting "DRAWBACK TREATMENT". (2) The table of contents for title VH of the Tariff Act of 1930 is amended by striking out "Drawbacks." in the entry for section 779 and inserting "Drawback treatment.". SEC. 1335. GOVERNMENTAL IMPORTATIONS.
Section 771 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1677) (as amended by section 1316(b)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(19) APPLICATION TO GOVERNMENTAL IMPORTATIONS.—
"(A) IN GENERAL.—Ebccept as otherwise provided by this paragraph, merchandise imported by, or for the use of, a department or agency of the U n i t ^ States Government (including merchandise provided for under schedule 8 of the Tariff Schedules of the United States) is subject to the imposition of countervailing duties or antidumping duties under this title or section 303. "(B) EXCEPTIONS.—Merchandise imported by, or for the use of, the Department of Defense shall not be subject to the imposition of countervailing or antidumping duties under this title if— "(i) the merchandise is acquired by, or for use of, such Department— "(I) from a country with which such Department had a Memorandum of Understanding which was in effect on January 1, 1988, and has continued to have a comparable agreement (including renewals) or superceding agreements, and "(II) in accordance with terms of the Memorandum of Understanding in effect at the time of importation, or "(ii) the merchandise has no substantial nonmilitary use.". SEC. 1336. STUDIES. (a) STUDY OF MARKET ORIENTATION OF CHINA.—The Secretary of
Commerce, in consultation with the heads of other appropriate Federal s^encies, shall undertake a study regarding the new market orientation of the People's Republic of China. The study shall address, but not be limited to— (1) the effect of the new orientation on Chinese market policies and price structure, and the relationship between domestic Chinese prices and world prices; (2) the extent to which United States trade law practices can accommodate the increased market orientation of the Chinese economy; and (3) the possible need for changes in United States antidumping laws as they apply to foreign countries, such as China, which are in transition to a more market-oriented economy. The Secretary of Commerce shall submit to the Congress within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act a report on the study required under this subsection. (b) SUBSIDIES (DODE COMMITMENTS.—Within 90 da3rs after the date of the enactment of this Act, the United States Trade Representa-