Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 102 Part 3.djvu/190

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102 STAT. 2268-6
102 STAT. 2268-6
PUBLIC LAW 100-000—MMMM. DD, 1988

102 STAT. 2268-6

PUBLIC LAW 100-461—OCT. 1, 1988

reduce the amount earmarked for assistance for micro-enterprises by an equal amount. SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of sections 103 through 106 and section 121 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $500,000,000, for assistance only for Sub-Saharan Africa, which shall be in addition to any amounts otherwise made available for such purposes: Provided, That any of the funds which are appropriated under this heading may be used for assistance for Sub-Saharan Africa to carry out any economic development assistance activities under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Provided further. That assistance made available under this heading shall be used to help the poor majority in Sub-Saharan Africa through a process of longterm development and economic growth that is equitable, participatory, environmentally sustainable, and self-reliant: Provided further, That these objectives may, in part, be achieved through the integration of women in the development process, appropriate consultation with private voluntary organizations, African and other organizations with a local perspective on the development process, and inclusion of the perspectives and participation of those affected by the provision of assistance: Provided further. That assistance made available under this heading shall be provided in accordance with the policies contained in section 102 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Provided further. That assistance made available under this heading should be provided, when consistent with the objectives of such assistance, through African, United States and other private and voluntary organizations which have demonstrated effectiveness in the promotion of local grassroots activities on behalf of long-term development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Provided further. That assistance made available under this heading should be used to help overcome shorter-term constraints to long-term development; to promote reform of sectoral economic policies to support the critical sector priorities of agricultural production and natural resources, health, voluntary family planning services, education, and income generating opportunities; to bring about appropriate sectoral restructuring of the Sub-Saharan African economies; to support reform in public administration and finances and to establish a favorable environment for individual enterprise and self-sustaining development: Provided further. That assisted policy reforms should take into account the need to protect vulnerable groups: Provided further. That assistance made available under this heading shall be used to increase agricultural production in ways which protect and restore the natural resource base, especially food production; to maintain and improve basic transportation and communication networks; to maintain and restore the renewable natural resource base in ways which increase agricultural production; to improve health conditions with special emphasis on meeting the health needs of mothers and children, including the establishment of self-sustaining primary health care systems that give priority to preventive care; to provide increased access to voluntary family planning services; to improve basic literacy and mathematics especially to those outside the formal educational system and to improve primary education; and to develop income-generating opportunities for the unemployed and underemployed in urban and rural areas: Provided further. That the Administrator of the Agency