102 STAT. 2874
PUBLIC LAW 100-570—OCT. 31, 1988
(1) the fundamental research and related education pn^ram supported by the Federal Government and conducted by the Nation's universities and c o l l i e s are essential to our national security, and to our health, economic welfare, and general wellbeing; (2) many national research and related education programs conducted by universities and c o l l i e s are now hindered by obsolete research buildings and equipment, and many institutions lack sufficient resources to repair, renovate, or replace their laboratories; (3) the Nation's capacity to conduct high quality research and education programs and to maintain its competitive position at the forefront of modern science, engineering, and technology is threatened by this research capital deficit, which poses serious and adverse consequences to our future national security, health, welfare, and ability to compete in the international marketplace; (4) a national effort to spur reinvestment in research facilities is needed, and national. State, and local policies and cooperative programs are required that will yield maximum return on the investment of scarce national resources and sustain a commitment to excellence in research and education; and (5) the Foundation, as part of its responsibility for maintaining the vitality of the Nation's academic research, and in psutnership with the States, industry, and universities and c o l l i e s, must assist in enhancing the historic linkages between Federal investment in academic research and training and investment in the research capital base by reinvesting in the capital facilities which modern research and education programs require. (b) It is the purpose of this title to assist in modernizing and revitalizing the Nation's research facilities at institutions of higher education, independent non-profit research institutions and research museums, and consortia thereof, through capital investment. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM
42 USC 1862b.
SEC. 203. (a)(1) To carry out this title, the Director shall establish and carry out a new Academic Research Facilities Modernization Program (hereafter in this title referred to as the "Program"), under which awards are made to institutions of h^her education, independent nonprofit research institutions, and research museums, and consortia thereof, for the repair, renovation, or, in exceptional cases, replacement of obsolete science and engineering faciliti^ primarily devoted to research. (2) Such awards shall, consistent with the functions of the Foundation set forth in section 3 of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1862) and through established Foundation selection procedures, serve to— (A) promote the modernization of graduate academic science €md engineering research laboratories and related facilities so as to ^cilitate and support research in the scientific and engineering disciplines; 03) assist those academic institutions that historically have received relatively little Federal research and development funds to improve their academic science and engineering infrastructures and broaden and strengthen the Nation's science and engineering base; and