Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 104 Part 2.djvu/730

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104 STAT. 1388-322 PUBLIC LAW 101-508 —NOV. 5, 1990 (5)(A) The term "source reduction" means any practice which— (i) reduces the amount of any hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant entering any waste stream or otherwise released into the environment (including fugitive emissions) prior to recycling, treatment, or disposal; and (ii) reduces the hazards to public health and the environment associated with the release of such substances, pollutants, or contaminants. The term includes equipment or technology modifications, process or procedure modifications, reformulation or redesign of products, substitution of raw materials, and improvements in housekeeping, maintenance, training, or inventory control, (B) The term "source reduction" does not include any practice which alters the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics or the volume of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant through a process or activity which itself is not integral to and necessary for the production of a product or the providing of a service. (6) The term "multi-media" means water, air, and land. (7) The term "SIC codes" refers to the 2-digit code numbers used for classification of economic activity in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual. 42 USC 13103. SEC. 6604. EPA ACTIVITIES. (a) AUTHORITIES.—The Administrator shall establish in the Agency an office to carry out the functions of the Administrator under this subtitle. The office shall be independent of the Agency's single-medium program offices but shall have the authority to review and advise such offices on their activities to promote a multimedia approach to source reduction. The office shall be under the direction of such officer of the Agency as the Administrator shall designate. (b) FUNCTIONS.—The Administrator shall develop and implement a strategy to promote source reduction. As part of the strategy, the Administrator shall— (1) establish standard methods of measurement of source reduction; (2) ensure that the Agency considers the effect of its existing and proposed programs on source reduction efforts and shall review regulations of the Agency prior and subsequent to their proposal to determine their effect on source reduction; (3) coordinate source reduction activities in each Agency Office and coordinate with appropriate offices to promote source reduction practices in other Federal agencies, and generic research and development on techniques and processes which have broad applicability; (4) develop improved methods of coordinating, streamlining and assuring public access to data collected under Federal environmental statutes; (5) facilitate the adoption of source reduction techniques by businesses. This strategy shall include the use of the Source Reduction Clearinghouse and State matching grants provided in this subtitle to foster the exchange of information regarding source reduction techniques, the dissemination of such information to businesses, and the provision of technical assistance to