PUBLIC LAW 101-510—NOV. 5, 1990 104 STAT. 1687 outstanding men and women who regularly perform duty in the Guard and Reserve. (b) CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATION.— In light of the findings in subsection (a), Congress— (1) acknowledges the valuable contribution that the men and women of the National Guard and the Reserve have made to the Nation's security; and (2) continues to support the essential role that the National Guard and the Reserve perform in the total defense establishment of the United States. SEC. 1434. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING UNITED STATES ARMORED FORCES (a) FINDINGS.—Congress makes the following findings: (1) Dramatic political and military changes have occurred recently in Eastern Europe. (2) The Warsaw Pact is no longer a credible military threat to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). (3) It appears that the heavy armored armies of both NATO and the Warsaw Pact will be substantially reduced as the result of arms control agreements or unilateral actions. (4) There is a continued need for armor forces and many countries possess large inventories of modern tanks. (5) The Soviet Union will still produce 1,400 new tanks in 1990. (6) With significantly increased warning times of enemy attack, greater reliance will be placed on United States reserve component forces for armored heavy force reinforcement missions. (7) There is a need to enhance the capabilities of armored forces of the reserve components to assume increased responsibilities for armored heavy force reinforcement missions. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS. — In light of the findings in subsection (a), it is the sense of the Congress that— (1) the Army should take timely and necessary steps to enhance the capabilities of armored forces of the reserve components; (2) the United States Army Armor Center should continue as the center for training, education, doctrine, and combat development for the armored forces of the United States, both active and reserve; and (3) the United States Army Armor Center should ensure that the armored forces of the reserve components are adequately prepared to accept the increased role in armored heavy force reinforcement missions that will be assigned to them. SEC. 1435. PRESERVATION OF FORCE STRUCTURE IN THE RESERVE COMPONENTS (a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the force structure of the Selected Reserve of the reserve components of the Armed Forces during fiscal year 1991 is equivalent to the force structure of those components on January 1, 1990. (b) AUTHORITY TO CHANGE FORCE STRUCTURE. —The Secretary may make changes in the force structure of the Selected Reserve of the reserve components only to the extent that the Secretary determines that such changes enhance the capability of reserve units in the interests of national security.