Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 104 Part 6.djvu/295

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PUBLIC LAW 101-645—NOV. 29, 1990 104 STAT. 4685 "(4) the assistance will not supplant funding for preexisting homelessness prevention activities from other sources. "SEC. 412. EMERGENCY SHELTER. "(a) DEFINITION.— A project shall be considered 'emergency shelter' if it is designed to provide overnight sleeping accommodations for homeless persons. An emergency shelter may include appropriate eating and cooking accommodations. "(b) MINIMUM STANDARDS OF HABITABILITY.— The Secretary shall prescribe such minimum standards of habitability as the Secretary determines to be appropriate to ensure that emergency shelters assisted under this section are environments that provide appropriate privacy, safety, and sanitary and other health-related conditions for homeless persons and families. Grantees are authorized to establish standards of habitability in addition to those prescribed by the Secretary. "(c) TYPES OF ASSISTANCE. —A grantee may provide the following assistance to a project sponsor of emergency shelter: "(1) a grant for the renovation, major rehabilitation, or conversion of buildings to be used as emergency shelters; "(2) a grant for the provision of supportive services if such services do not supplant any services provided by the local government during any part of the immediately preceding 12- month period; and "(3) annual payments for maintenance, operation, insurance, utilities, and furnishings. "(d) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS. —A grantee may approve assistance for a project under this subsection only if the project sponsor has agreed that it will— "(1) in the case of assistance involving major rehabilitation or conversion of a building, maintain the building as a shelter for homeless persons and families for not less than a 10-year period; "(2) in the case of assistance involving rehabilitation (other than major rehabilitation or conversion of a building), maintain the building as a shelter for homeless persons and families for not less than a 3-year period; "(3) in the case of assistance involving only activities described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (c), provide services or shelter to homeless persons and families at the original site or structure or other sites or structures serving the same general population for the period during which such assistance is provided; "(4) comply with the standards of habitability prescribed by the Secretary and (if applicable) the State or unit of general local government; and "(5) assist homeless persons in obtaining— "(A) appropriate supportive services, including permanent housing, medical and mental health treatment, counseling, supervision, and other services essential for achieving independent living; and "(B) other Federal, State, local, and private assistance available for homeless persons. "SEC. 413. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING FOR THE HOMELESS. "(a) DEFINITION.— A project shall be considered 'transitional housing' if it is designed to facilitate the movement of homeless persons to independent living within 24 months (or such longer period as the