PUBLIC LAW 101-646—NOV. 29, 1990 104 STAT. 4765 sance species in those waters. The study shall include an examination of— "(A) the degree to which shipping may be a major pathway of transmission of aquatic nuisance species in those waters; "(B) possible alternatives for controlling introduction of those species through shipping; and "(C) the feasibility of implementing regional versus national control measures. "(b) CONSULTATION. —The Secretary and the Task Force shall cooperate in conducting their respective studies under this section. " (c) REPORTS.— "(1) BALLAST EXCHANGE. —Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act and prior to the effective date of the regulations issued under section 1101(b), the Task Force shall submit a report to the appropriate Committees that presents the results of the study required under subsection (a)(D and makes recommendations with respect to such regulations. "(2) BIOLOGICAL AND SHIPPING STUDIES. —Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Task Force shall each submit to the appropriate Committees a report on the results of their respective studies under paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (a). "(d) NEGOTIATIONS. — The Secretary, working through the International Maritime Organization, is encouraged to enter into negotiations with the governments of foreign countries concerning the planning and implementation of measures aimed at the prevention and control of unintentional introductions of aquatic nuisance species in coastal waters. "Subtitle C—Prevention and Control of Aquatic Nuisance Species "SEC. 1201. ESTABLISHMENT OF TASK FORCE. 16 USC 4721. "(a) TASK FORCE.— There is hereby established an "Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force". "(b) MEMBERSHIP. —Membership of the Task Force shall consist of— "(1) the Director; "(2) the Under Secretary; "(3) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency; "(4) the Commandant of the United States Coast Guard; "(5) the Assistant Secretary; and "(6) the head of any other Federal agency that the chairpersons designated under subsection (d) deem appropriate. "(c) Ex OFFICIO MEMBERS.—The chairpersons designated under subsection (d) shall invite representatives of the Great Lakes Commission and State agencies and other governmental entities to participate as ex officio members of the Task Force. "(d) CHAIRPERSONS. — The Director and the Under Secretary shall serve as co-chairpersons of the Task Force and shall be jointly responsible, and are authorized to undertake such activities as may be necessary, for carrying out this subtitle in consultation and cooperation with the other members of the Task Force.