Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 104 Part 6.djvu/976

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104 STAT, mm PROCLAMATION 6175—SEPT. 6, 1990 geacy. A government may use semiconductor integrated circuit layout designs for governmental purposes on a non-exclusive basis. Compensation commensurate with the market value for a license of the semiconductor integrated circuit layout design must be provided when the government uses a layout design for government purposes or provides for or orders the issuance of compulsory or non-voluntary licenses during a declared national emergency. Decisions to grant compulsory or non-voluntary licenses and the compensation provided shall be subject to judicial review. The following acts may be exempted from liability under the law: (a) reproduction of a layout design for purposes of teaching, analysis, or evaluation in the course of preparation of a layout design that is itself original; (b) importation and distribution of semiconductor integrated circuit chips, incorporating a protected layout design which were sold by or with the consent of the owner of the layout design; and (c) importation or distribution of a semiconductor integrated circuit chip incorporating a protected layout design by a person who establishes that he or she did not know, and had no reasonable grounds to believe, that the layout design was protected, provided that such person is liable for reasonable royalties after notice is received. C. Patent Protection Czechoslovakia will provide a patent term of at least 20 years from filing. Limitations on the patent owner's exclusive rights may be implemented solely through non-exclusive compulsory licenses or non-voluntary licenses and only to remedy an adjudicated violation of competition laws or to address, only during its existence, a declared national emergency. The government may use patents for governmental purposes on a non-exclusive basis provided that such use does not substantially prejudice the legitimate economic interests of the patent owner. Compensation commensurate with the market value for a license of the patent must be provided when the government uses a patent or provides for, or orders the issuance of, compulsory or nonvoluntary licenses during a declared national emergency. Decisions to grant compulsory or non-voluntary licenses and the compensation provided shall be subject to judicial review. Czechoslovakia will endeavor to provide transitional protection for products not currently patentable under Czechoslovak law which have the following characteristics: (a) the product will be patentable in Czechoslovakia upon enactment of the proposed amendments to the patent law; (b) a patent has been issued for the product in a country which currently grants product patents for that class of inventions; and (c) the product has not been marketed in Czechoslovakia. Czechoslovakia will examine the best means to implement such transitional protection. It is Czechoslovakia's intention to provide owners of products meeting these criteria the right to obtain an exclusive registration to produce and market the product in Czechoslovakia if the patent owner applies for Czechoslovak marketing approval within six months of obtaining the first marketing approval in any country and if the product meets Czechoslovak requirements for marketing approval. The term of the exclusive right to market and produce in Czechoslova-