105 STAT. 306 PUBLIC LAW 102-62—JUNE 27, 1991 SEC. 102. NATIONAL EDUCATION COMMISSION ON TIME AND LEARNING. (a) ESTABLISHMENT.— There is hereby established a National Education Commission on Time arid Learning (hereafter in this title referred to as the "Commission"). 0)) MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION. — (1) IN GENERAL.—The Commission shall consist of nine members, of whom— (A) 3 members shall be appointed by the Secretary of Education (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Secretary"); (B) 3 members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives in consultation with the minority leader of the House of Representatives; and (C) 3 members shall be appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate upon the recommendation of the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate. (2) REQUIREMENTS.— (A) After consultation among the appointing authorities, members of the Commission shall be appointed on the basis of exceptional education, training, or experience from among— (i) the Nation's Governors; (ii) individuals from the business community; (iii) individuals who are engaged in the profession of teaching; (iv) individuals engaged in school administration, members of school boards, and parents or representatives of parents or parent organizations; (v) State officials directly responsible for education; (vi) Federal officials responsible for education policy; (vii) educational researchers with experience relevant to the Commission's work; (viii) Members of Congress and State legislators; and (ix) representatives of nonprofit organizations or foundations which work to expand educational opportunities for children outside of school hours. (3) VACANCIES. — A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made. (4) TERMS.— Members of the Commission shall be appointed to serve for the life of the Commission. (5) COMPENSATION. —Each member of the Commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be allowed travel expenses including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, when engaged in the performance of Commission duties. (6) ACTIVITY OF COMMISSION.— The Commission may begin to carry out its duties under this subsection when at least 5 members of the Commission have been appointed. (c) FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION.— (1) STUDY.— The Commission shall examine the quality and adequacy of the study and learning time of elementary and secondary students in the United States, including issues regarding the length of the school day and year, the extent and role of homework, how time is being used for academic subjects.