Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 1.djvu/743

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PUBLIC LAW 102-138—OCT. 28, 1991 105 STAT. 715 SEC. 358. POLICY TOWARD TAIWAN. It is the sense of Congress that— (1) Taiwan's economic dynamism is a tribute to the success of the postwar United States assistance program and to Taiwan's commitment to an international system of free trade; (2) Taiwan's economic growth has made it in recent years an indispensable part of regional and international networks of trade, investment, and finance; and (3) the United States should support Taiwan's interest in playing a role in international and regional economic organizations. SEC. 359. HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN EAST TIMOR. (a) FINDINGS.— The Congress finds that— (1) many tens of thousands out of a population of nearly 700,000 perished in the former Portuguese colony of East Timor between 1975 and 1980, as a result of war-related killings, famine, and disease following the invasion of that territory by Indonesia; (2) Amnesty International and other international human rights organizations continue to report evidence in East Timor of human rights violations, including torture, arbitrary arrest, and repression of freedom of expression; (3) serious medical, nutritional, and humanitarian problems persist in East Timor; (4) a state of intermittent conflict continues to exist in East Timor; and (5) the Governments of Portugal and Indonesia have conducted discussions since 1982 under the auspices of the United Nations to find an internationaly acceptable solution to the East Timor conflict. Qa) STATEMENT OF POLICY.—I t is the sense of the Congress that— (1) the President should urge the Government of Indonesia to take action to end all forms of human rights violations in East Timor and to permit full freedom of expression in East Timor; (2) the President should encourage the Government of Indonesia to facilitate the work of international human rights organizations and other groups seeking to monitor human rights conditions in East Timor and to continue and expand cooperation with international humanitarian relief and development organizations seeking to work in East Timor; and (3) the Administration should encourage the Secretary General of the United Nations and the governments of Indonesia, Portugal, and other involved parties, to arrive at an internationaly acceptable solution which addresses the underlying causes of the conflict in East Timor. SEC. 360. SUPPORT FOR NEW DEMOCRACIES. It is the policy of the United States— (1) to support democratization within the Soviet Union and support self-determination, observer and other appropriate status in international organizations, particularly the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) and independence for all republic-level governments which seek such status; (2) to shape its foreign assistance and other programs to support those republics that pursue a democratic and market-