Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 1.djvu/745

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PUBLIC LAW 102-138—OCT. 28, 1991 105 STAT. 717 (1) the Warsaw Pact military alliance no longer exists; (2) the Soviet Union's capability to pose a military threat to European security has retreated radically; and (3) in light of the retreating Soviet threat, West European electorates are unlikely to approve the deployment of new United States tactical nuclear weapons on European soil. (b) POLICY.— It is the sense of the Congress that the United States Government should not proceed with the research or development of any tactical nuclear system designed solely for deployment in Europe unless and until the Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization has officially announced how, when, and where such tactical nuclear systems will be deployed. SEC. 364. UNITED STATES SUPPORT FOR UNCED. (a) FINDINGS.— The Congress finds that— (1) the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (hereinafter in this section referred to as "UNCED") is scheduled to meet in June 1992 in Rio de Janiero, Brazil; and (2) UNCED affords a major opportunity to shape international environmental policy as an underpinning of sustainable development for well into the next century. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS. —It is the sense of the Congress that— (1) the United States should seek to integrate environmental principles and considerations into all spheres of international economic activity; (2) the President should accord the UNCED process high-level attention and priority within the executive branch; (3) the United States should exercise a leadership role in preparations for the June 1992 meeting of the UNCED; (4) the United States should carefully consider what it hopes to achieve through the UNCED and how United States national security interests may best be advanced in deliberations in that conference; (5) the United States should seek ways to forge a global partnership and international cooperation among developing and industrialized nations on behalf of environmentally sound economic development; (6) the United States should actively pursue creative approaches to the spectrum of UNCED issues which the conference will address, and in particular seek innovative solutions to the key cross-sectorial issues of technology transfer and financial resources; (7) the United States should consider how best to strengthen international legal and institutional mechanisms to effectively address the range of UNCED issues beyond the 1992 Conference and into the next century; (8) the United States should promote broad international participation in the UNCED process at all levels, from grass roots to national; (9) the Agency for International Development should assume an appropriate role in the preparations for the June 1992 meeting of the UNCED, in view of the mandate and expertise of that agency regarding the twin conference themes of international environment and development; and (10) the executive branch should consider funding for appropriate activities related to the UNCED in amounts which are