Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 1.djvu/747

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PUBLIC LAW 102-138—OCT. 28, 1991 105 STAT. 719 Center, are important to implement an effective multilateral arms transfer and control regime; (11) as an interim step, the United States should consider introducing, during the ongoing negotiations on confidence security-building measures at the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), a proposal regarding the international exchange of information, on an annual basis, on the sale and transfer of major military equipment, particularly to the Middle East and Persian Gulf region; and (12) such a regime should be applied to other regions with the ultimate objective of achieving an effective global arms transfer and control regime, implemented and enforced through the United Nations Security Council, that— (A) includes a linkage of humanitarian and developmental objectives with security objectives in Third World countries, particularly the poorest of the poor countries; and (B) encourages countries selling military equipment and services to consider the following factors before making conventional arms sales: the security needs of the purchasing countries, the level of defense expenditures by the purchasing countries, and the level of indigenous production of the purchasing countries. SEC. 402. MULTILATERAL ARMS TRANSFER AND CONTROL REGIME. (a) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE REGIME.— President. (1) CONTINUING NEGOTIATIONS. — The President shall continue negotiations among the 5 permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and commit the United States to a multilateral arms transfer and control regime for the Middle East and Persian Gulf region. (2) PROPOSING A TEMPORARY MORATORIUM DURING NEGOTIA- TIONS. —In the context of these negotiations, the President should propose to the 5 permanent members of the United Nations Security Council a temporary moratorium on the sale and transfer of major military equipment to nations in the Middle East and Persian Gulf region until such time as the 5 permanent members agree to a multilateral arms transfer and control regime. (b) PURPOSE OF THE REGIME.— The purpose of the multilateral arms transfer and control regime should be— (1) to slow and limit the proliferation of conventional weapons in the Middle East and Persian Gulf region with the aim of preventing destabilizing transfers by— (A) controlling the transfer of conventional major military equipment; (B) achieving transparency among arms suppliers nations through advanced notification of agreement to, or transfer of, conventional major military equipment; and (C) developing and adopting common and comprehensive control guidelines on the sale and transfer of conventional major military equipment to the region; (2) to halt the proliferation of unconventional weapons, including nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, as well as delivery systems associated with those weapons and the technologies necessary to produce or assemble such weapons; (3) to limit and halt the proliferation of ballistic missile technologies and ballistic missile systems that are capable of