Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 6.djvu/440

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106 STAT. 4998 PUBLIC LAW 102-586—NOV. 4, 1992 "(i) the frequency with which juveniles have been admitted to such hospitals and programs during the 5- year period ending December 1992; and (ii) conditions of confinement, the average length of stay, and methods of payment for the residential care of such juveniles; and "(B) submit to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report on the findings made in the study and recommendations to improve procedural protections and conditions for juveniles with behavior disorders admitted to such hospitals and programs.

    • (3) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of

this subsection, the Comptroller General shall— "(A) conduct a study of gender bias within State juvenile justice systems that reviews— "(i) the frequency with which females have been detained for status offenses (such as frequently running away, truancy, and sexual activity), as compared with the frequenQT with which males have been detained for such offenses diuing the 5-year period ending December 1992; and "(ii) the appropriateness of the placement and conditions of confinement for females; and "(B) submit to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report on the findings made in the study and recommendations to combat gender bias in juvenile justice and provide appropriate services for females who enter the juvenile justice system. "(4) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Comptroller General shall— "(A) conduct a study of the Native American pass-through grant program authorized under section 223(a)(5)(C) that reviews the cost-effectiveness of the funding formula utilized; and "(B) submit to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report on the findings made in the study and recommendations to improve the Native American pass-through grant program. "(5) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Comptroller General shall— "(A) conduct a study of access to counsel in juvenile court proceedings that reviews— "(i) the frequency with which and the extent to which juveniles in juvenile court proceedings either have waived counsel or have obtained access to counsel during the 5-year period ending December 1992; and "(ii) a comparison of access to and the quaUty of counsel afforded juveniles charged in adult court proceedings with those of juveniles charged in juvenile court proceedings; and "(B) submit to Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report on the findings made in the study