Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 6.djvu/784

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106 STAT. 5342 PROCLAMATION 6449~JUNE 22, 1992 (A) conununicating a work in a place open to the public or at any place where a substantial number of persons outside of a normal circle of a family and its social acquaintances is gathered; or (B) communicating or transmitting a work, a paformance, or a display of a woik, in any form, or by means of any device or process to a place specified in clause 2(ii)(5)(A) or to the public, regardless of whether the members of the public capable of receiving such commtmications can receive them in the same place or separate places and at tl^e same time or at differrait times. (iii) Parties shall extend the protection afforded under paragraph 2(a)(i) and 2(a)(ii) of this letter to authors of the other Party, whethra* they are natural persons or, where the domestic law of the Party seeking protection so provides, juridical entities, and to their successors in title. (iv) Each Party shall provide that the exclusive rights protected under paragraph 2(a)(ii) of this letter are freely and separately exploitable and transferable. Each Party also shall provide that aissignees and exclusive licensees may enjoy all rights of their assignors and licensors acquired through voluntary agreements, and ensure that they are entitled to enjoy and exercise their acquired exclusive rights in their own names. (v) In cases where a Party calculates the term of protection of a work on a basis other than the life of a natural person, the term of protection shall be no less than 50 years from the fu'st authorized publication or, failing such authorized publication within 50 years from the making of the work, 50 years after the making. (vi) Each Party shall confine any limitations upon and exceptions to the exclusive rights provided under paragraph 2(a)(ii) of this letter (including any limitations or exceptions diat restrict such rights to "public" activity] to certain special cases which do not conflict with a normal exploitation of the woik and do not imreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the right holder. (vii] Each Party shall limit resort to compulsory licensing to those works, rights and utilizations permitted under the Berne Convention; and further shall ensure that any legitimate compulsory or non-voluntary license or restriction of exclusive rights to a right of remuneration shall provide means to ensure payment and remittance of royalties at a level consistent with what would be negotiated on a voluntary basis. (viii) Each Party shall, at a minimum, extend to producers of sound recordings the exclusive rights to do or to authorize the following: (1) to reproduce the recording by any means or process, in whole or in part; and (2) to exercise the importation and exclusive distribution and rental provided in paragraphs 2(a)(ii)(l)(2)(3) and (4) of this letter. (ix) Paragraphs 2(a)(iii), (iv) and (vi) of this letter shall apply mutatis mutandis to sound recordings. (x) Each Party shall: (1) protect sound recordings first fixed or published in the territory of the other Party; (2) protect sound recordings for a term of at least 50 years from publication; and (3) grant the right to make the first public distribution of the original of each authorized sound recording by sale, rental, or otherwise except that the first sale of the original of such sound recording shall not exhaust the r«ital or importation right therein (the "rental right" shall mean the right to authorize or prohibit the disposal of the possession of the original or copies for direct or indirect commercial advantage). (xi) Parties shall not subject the acquisition and validity of intellectual property rights in sound recordings to any formalities, and protection shall arise automatically upon creation of the soimd recording. (b) Trademarks (i) Protectable Subject Matter (1) Trademarks shall consist of at least any sign, words, including personal names, designs, letters, numerals, colors, or the shape of goods or of their packaging, provided that