Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 107 Part 3.djvu/217

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PUBLIC LAW 103-182—DEC. 8, 1993 107 STAT. 2155 production or domestic service providers, such enforcement is in violation of the terms of the Agreement. When such discriminatory enforcement adversely affects United States producers of goods or United States service providers, the Trade Representative should pursue all appropriate remedies to obtain removal of such discriminatory enforcement, including invocation of the provisions of the Agreement. SEC. 512. BEVIEW OF THE OPERATION AND EFFECTS OF THE AGREE- 19 USC 3462. MENT. (a) STUDY.—By not later than July 1, 1997, the President President. shall provide to the Congress a comprehensive study on the operation and effects of the Agreement. The study shall include an assessment of the following factors: (1) The net effect of the Agreement on the economy of the United States, including with respect to the United States gross national product, employment, balance of trade, and current account balance. (2) The industries (including agricultural industries) in the United States that have significantly increased exports to Mexico or Canada as a result of the Agreement, or in which imports into the United States from Mexico or Canada have increased sipuficantly as a result of the Agreement, and the extent or any change in the wages, employment, or productivity in each such industry as a result of the Agreement. (3) The extent to which investment in new or existing production or other operations in the United States has been redirected to Mexico as a result of the Agreement, and the effect on United States employment of such redirection. (4) The extent of any increase in investment, including foreign direct investment and increased investment by United States investors, in new or existing production or other operations in the United States as a result of the Agreement, and the effect on United States employment of such investment. (5) The extent to which the Agreement has contributed to— (A) improvement in real wages and working conditions in Mexico, (B) effective enforcement of labor and environmental laws in Mexico, and (C) the reduction or abatement of pollution in the region of the United States-Mexico border. (b) SCOPE.— In assessing the factors Usted in subsection (a), to the extent possible, the study shall distinguish between the consequences oi the Agreement and events that likely would have occurred without the Agreement. In addition, the study shall evaluate the efiTects of the Agreement relative to aggregate economic changes and, to the extent possible, relative to the effects of other factors, including— (1) international competition, (2) reductions in defense spending, (3) the shift from traditional manufacturing to knowledge and information based economic activity, and (4) the Federal debt burden. (c) RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE PRESIDENT.— The study shall include any appropriate recommendations by the President with respect to the operation and effects of the Agreement, including