110 STAT. 1436 PUBLIC LAW 104-164-^ULY 21, 1996 SEC. 149. DEPLETED URANIUM AMMUNITION. Chapter 1 of part III of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2370 et seq.), is amended by adding at the end the following new section: 22 USC 2378a. "SEC. 620G. DEPLETED URANIUM AMMUNITION. "(a) PROHIBITION. —Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds made available to carry out this Act or any other Act may be made available to facilitate in any way the sale of M-833 antitank shells or any comparable antitank shells containing a depleted uranium penetrating component to any country other thein— "(1) a country that is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; "(2) a country that has been designated as a major non- NATO ally (as defined in section 644(q)); or "(3) Taiwan. "(b) EXCEPTION.— The prohibition contained in subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to the use of funds to facilitate the sale of antitank shells to a country if the President determines that to do so is in the national security interest of the United States.". SEC. 150. END-USE MONITORING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES AND DEFENSE SERVICES. (a) IN GENERAL. — The Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) is amended by inserting after chapter 3 the following new chapter: "CHAPTER 3A—END-USE MONITORING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES AND DEFENSE SERVICES President. "SEC. 40A. END-USE MONITORING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES AND 22 USC 2785. DEFENSE SERVICES. "(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF MONITORING PROGRAM.— "(1) IN GENERAL. —In order to improve accountability with respect to defense articles and defense services sold, leased, or exported under this Act or the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.), the President shall establish a program which provides for the end-use monitoring of such articles and services. "(2) REQUIREMENTS OF PROGRAM.—To the extent practicable, such program— "(A) shall provide for the end-use monitoring of defense articles and defense services in accordance with the standards that apply for identifying high-risk exports for regular end-use verification developed under section 38(g)(7) of this Act (commonly referred to as the 'Blue Lantern program); and "(B) shall be designed to provide reasonable assurance that- 'll) the recipient is complying with the requirements imposed by the United States Government with respect to use, transfers, and security of defense articles and defense services; and "(ii) such articles and services are being used for the purposes for which they are provided.