Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 110 Part 4.djvu/938

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110 STAT. 3034 PUBLIC LAW 104-227—OCT. 2, 1996 Oct. 2, 1996 [H.R. 3060] Public Law 104-227 104th Congress An Act To implement the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of Antarctic the United States of America in Congress assembled, Science, Tourism, and Conservation SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. 16 USC 2401 '^^^ ^'^^ ^^y ^^ cited as the "Antarctic Science, Tourism, note. and Conservation Act of 1996". TITLE I—AMENDMENTS TO THE ANT- ARCTIC CONSERVATION ACT OF 1978 SEC. 101. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE. (a) FINDINGS. —Section 2(a) of the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2401(a)) is amended— (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs (4) and (5) respectively, and inserting before paragraph (4), as redesignated, the following: "(1) for well over a quarter of a century, scientific investigation has been the principal activity of the Federal Government and United States nationals in Antarctica; "(2) more recently, interest of American tourists in Antarctica has increased; "(3) as the lead civilian agency in Antarctica, the National Science Foundation has long had responsibility for ensuring that United States scientific activities and tourism, and their supporting logistics operations, are conducted with an eye to preserving the unique values of the Antarctic region;"; (2) by striking "the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora, adopted at the Third Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, have established a firm foiuidation" in paragraph (4), as redesignated, and inserting "the Protocol establish a firm foundation for the conservation of Antarctic resources,"; (3) by striking paragraph (5), as redesignated, and inserting the following: "(5) the Antarctic Treaty and the Protocol establish international mechanisms and create legal obligations necessary for the maintenance of Antarctica as a natural reserve devoted to peace and science.". (b) PURPOSE.— Section 2(b) of such Act (16 U.S.C. 2401(b)) is amended by striking "Treaty, the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora, and Recommendation