Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 112 Part 5.djvu/33

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PUBLIC LAW 105-292—OCT. 27, 1998 112 STAT. 2791 (9) HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTS. —The term "Human Rights Reports" means all reports submitted by the Department of State to Congress under sections 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. (10) OFFICE. —The term "Office" means the Office on International Religious Freedom established in section 101(a). (11) PARTICULARLY SEVERE VIOLATIONS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.— The term "particularly severe violations of religious freedom" means systematic, ongoing, egregious violations of religious freedom, including violations such as— (A) torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; (B) prolonged detention without charges; (C) causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction or clandestine detention of those persons; or (D) other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of persons. (12) SPECIAL ADVISER.—The term "Special Adviser" means the Special Adviser to the President on International Religious Freedom described in section lOl(i) of the National Security Act of 1947, as added by section 301 of this Act. (13) VIOLATIONS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.— The term 'Sdolations of religious freedom" means violations of the internationaly recognized right to freedom of religion and religious belief and practice, as set forth in the international instruments referred to in section 2(a)(2) and as described in section 2(a)(3), including violations such as— (A) arbitrary prohibitions on, restrictions of, or punishment for— (i) assembling for peaceful religious activities such as worship, preaching, and prayer, including arbitrary registration requirements; (ii) speaking freely about one's religious beliefs; (iii) changing one's religious beliefs and affiliation; (iv) possession and distribution of religious literature, including Bibles; or (v) raising one's children in the religious teachings and practices of one's choice; or (B) any of the following acts if committed on account of an individual's religious belief or practice: detention, interrogation, imposition of an onerous financial penalty, forced labor, forced mass resettlement, imprisonment, forced religious conversion, beating, torture, mutilation, rape, enslavement, murder, and execution. TITLE I—DEPARTMENT OF STATE ACTIVITIES SEC. 101. OFFICE ON INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM; AMBAS- 22 USC 6411. SADOR AT LARGE FOR INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM. (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE. —T here is established within the Department of State an Office on International Religious Freedom that shall be headed by the Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom appointed under subsection (b). 59-194O-98 -2:QL3Part5