Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 121.djvu/1448

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[121 STAT. 1427]
[121 STAT. 1427]
PUBLIC LAW 110-000—MMMM. DD, 2007

PUBLIC LAW 110–134—DEC. 12, 2007

121 STAT. 1427

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their skills and expertise, including developing partnerships with programs that recruit, train, place, and support college students in Head Start centers to deliver an innovative early learning program to preschool children. ‘‘(F) Activities that help local programs ensure that the arrangement, condition, and implementation of the learning environments in Head Start programs are conducive to providing effective program services to children and families. ‘‘(G) Activities to provide training necessary to improve the qualifications of Head Start staff and to support staff training, child counseling, health services, and other services necessary to address the needs of children enrolled in Head Start programs, including children from families in crises, children who experience chronic violence or homelessness, children who experience substance abuse in their families, and children under 3 years of age, where applicable. ‘‘(H) Activities to provide classes or in-service-type programs to improve or enhance parenting skills, job skills, and adult and family literacy, including financial literacy, or training to become a classroom aide or bus driver in a Head Start program. ‘‘(I) Additional activities deemed appropriate to the improvement of Head Start programs, as determined by the technical assistance and training plans of the Head Start agencies. ‘‘(2) To support enhanced early language and literacy development of children in Head Start programs, and to provide the children with high-quality oral language skills and with environments that are rich in literature in which to acquire language and early literacy skills. Each Head Start agency, in consultation with the State-based training and technical assistance system, as appropriate, shall ensure that— ‘‘(A) all of the agency’s Head Start teachers receive ongoing training in language and emergent literacy (referred to in this subsection as ‘literacy training’), including appropriate curricula and assessment to improve instruction and learning; ‘‘(B) such literacy training shall include training in methods to promote vocabulary development and phonological awareness (including phonemic awareness) in a developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate manner and support children’s development in their native language; ‘‘(C) the literacy training shall include training in how to work with parents to enhance positive language and early literacy development at home; ‘‘(D) the literacy training shall include specific methods to best address the needs of children who are limited English proficient; ‘‘(E) the literacy training shall include training on how to best address the language and literacy needs of children with disabilities, including training on how to work with specialists in language development; and

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