Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 121.djvu/1726

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[121 STAT. 1705]
[121 STAT. 1705]
PUBLIC LAW 110-000—MMMM. DD, 2007

PUBLIC LAW 110–140—DEC. 19, 2007

121 STAT. 1705

(2) in subsection (a)— (A) by striking ‘‘research and development’’ and inserting ‘‘and sequestration research, development, and demonstration’’; and (B) by striking ‘‘capture technologies on combustionbased systems’’ and inserting ‘‘capture and sequestration technologies related to industrial sources of carbon dioxide’’; (3) in subsection (b)— (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end; (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and (C) by adding at the end the following: ‘‘(5) to expedite and carry out large-scale testing of carbon sequestration systems in a range of geologic formations that will provide information on the cost and feasibility of deployment of sequestration technologies.’’; and (4) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following: ‘‘(c) PROGRAMMATIC ACTIVITIES.— ‘‘(1) FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION SUPPORTING CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES AND CARBON USE ACTIVITIES.— ‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out funda-

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mental science and engineering research (including laboratory-scale experiments, numeric modeling, and simulations) to develop and document the performance of new approaches to capture and sequester, or use carbon dioxide to lead to an overall reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. ‘‘(B) PROGRAM INTEGRATION.—The Secretary shall ensure that fundamental research carried out under this paragraph is appropriately applied to energy technology development activities, the field testing of carbon sequestration, and carbon use activities, including— ‘‘(i) development of new or advanced technologies for the capture and sequestration of carbon dioxide; ‘‘(ii) development of new or advanced technologies that reduce the cost and increase the efficacy of advanced compression of carbon dioxide required for the sequestration of carbon dioxide; ‘‘(iii) modeling and simulation of geologic sequestration field demonstrations; ‘‘(iv) quantitative assessment of risks relating to specific field sites for testing of sequestration technologies; ‘‘(v) research and development of new and advanced technologies for carbon use, including recycling and reuse of carbon dioxide; and ‘‘(vi) research and development of new and advanced technologies for the separation of oxygen from air. ‘‘(2) FIELD VALIDATION TESTING ACTIVITIES.— ‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall promote, to the maximum extent practicable, regional carbon sequestration partnerships to conduct geologic sequestration tests involving carbon dioxide injection and monitoring, mitigation, and verification operations in a variety of candidate geologic settings, including—

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