Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 121.djvu/1727

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[121 STAT. 1706]
[121 STAT. 1706]
PUBLIC LAW 110-000—MMMM. DD, 2007

121 STAT. 1706

PUBLIC LAW 110–140—DEC. 19, 2007

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‘‘(i) operating oil and gas fields; ‘‘(ii) depleted oil and gas fields; ‘‘(iii) unmineable coal seams; ‘‘(iv) deep saline formations; ‘‘(v) deep geologic systems that may be used as engineered reservoirs to extract economical quantities of heat from geothermal resources of low permeability or porosity; and ‘‘(vi) deep geologic systems containing basalt formations. ‘‘(B) OBJECTIVES.—The objectives of tests conducted under this paragraph shall be— ‘‘(i) to develop and validate geophysical tools, analysis, and modeling to monitor, predict, and verify carbon dioxide containment; ‘‘(ii) to validate modeling of geologic formations; ‘‘(iii) to refine sequestration capacity estimated for particular geologic formations; ‘‘(iv) to determine the fate of carbon dioxide concurrent with and following injection into geologic formations; ‘‘(v) to develop and implement best practices for operations relating to, and monitoring of, carbon dioxide injection and sequestration in geologic formations; ‘‘(vi) to assess and ensure the safety of operations related to geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide; ‘‘(vii) to allow the Secretary to promulgate policies, procedures, requirements, and guidance to ensure that the objectives of this subparagraph are met in largescale testing and deployment activities for carbon capture and sequestration that are funded by the Department of Energy; and ‘‘(viii) to provide information to States, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other appropriate entities to support development of a regulatory framework for commercial-scale sequestration operations that ensure the protection of human health and the environment. ‘‘(3) LARGE-SCALE CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION TESTING.— ‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct not less than 7 initial large-scale sequestration tests, not including the FutureGen project, for geologic containment of carbon dioxide to collect and validate information on the cost and feasibility of commercial deployment of technologies for geologic containment of carbon dioxide. These 7 tests may include any Regional Partnership projects awarded as of the date of enactment of the Department of Energy Carbon Capture and Sequestration Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 2007. ‘‘(B) DIVERSITY OF FORMATIONS TO BE STUDIED.—In selecting formations for study under this paragraph, the Secretary shall consider a variety of geologic formations across the United States, and require characterization and modeling of candidate formations, as determined by the Secretary.

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