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Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 4.djvu/675

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TWENTY-SECOND CONGRESS. Sess. II. Ch. 55. 1833. 629 aforesaid, the sum of six thousand one hundred and ten dollars be appropriated for the purchase of instruments; and the further sum of seven thousand five hundred dollars for the expenses of taking such observations. Sm:. 6. And be it further enacted, That so much of the twenty-seventh Franking prisection of the act approved third of March, one thousand eight hundred V*l¤s¢ wandand twenty-five, as restricts the franking privilege of members of Con- °tct of March gress to the period of _ sixty days before and after each session, shall be, 3, 1825, oh. 43, and the same hereby is repealed, and it shall be lawful for the said privi- ¤¢<=· 6- lege to be exercised by each member of Congress from the period of sixty days before he takes his seat in Congress until the meeting of the next Congress, and that said privilege shall be extended to all members of the present Congress until the next session. Approved, March 2, 1833. S·x·.u·u1·¤ II. Cru?. LV.—An Art 10 madgfy Nw act of the fourteenth of fuly one thousand M h 2 1 eight hundred und thirty-two, and all uihzr acts imposing duties on imporls. (a) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act Opyuiy I4, States zy"Ammca, m Congress assembled, That from and after the thirty- 1832, ch. 227. first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, in 1’g;;°g‘f[“[;h 2: all cases where duties are imposed on foreign imports, by the act of the ,m’.,i-,§.{Q_`30, fourteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, en- 1922, oh. 270. titled “An act to alter and amend the several acts imposing duties on AM' D‘*°· 3% . ,, 1833, all duties imports, or by any other act, shall exceed twenty per centum on the ,,xccedi,,gtwen_ value thereof; one tenth part of such excess shall be deducted; from and ty per cent. to after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and lg? ’€dYl°°dt li! thirty-five, another tenth part thereof shall be deducted; from and aiier ;;;I:§:n;_;2u; the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty- of the excess, seven, another tenth part thereof shall be deducted; from and after the &°· thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, another tenth part thereof shall be deducted; and from and after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, one half of the reside [residue] of such excess shall be deducted ; and fiom and after the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, the other half thereof shall be deducted. Sec. 2. And be if further macted, That so much of the second sec- Duty on plains, tion of the act of the fourteenth of July aforesaid, as fixes the rate of k€"S°>’°» &°· . . raised to fifty duty on all milled and fulled cloth, known by the names of plains, ker- Pm. can seys, or kendal cottons, of which wool is the only material, the value whereof does not exceed thirty-five cents a square yard, at five per centurn ad vaiorem, shall be, and the same is hereby, repealed. And the said (zz) The set of Congress of March 2, 1833, eh. 55, commonly culled “The compromise oot,*= did not, prospectively, repeal all duties upon imports after 30th June, 1842. Repettling only such parts of previnus acts as were inconsistent with itse iQ it left m force, alter {une 1842, the same duties which were in force on the first of June, IS42. Aldridge and others v. Williams, 3 Howard, 1. The provisions of the act of 1833, by which dut.ies_were to be levied, after June 1, 1842, on the home valuation, “ under such regulations as may be prescribed by law," comprehended all the regulations existing under the law at the time when the duties, according to the home valuation, accruedn The regulations established by the 7th and Sth sections of the act of 1832, were, after the compromise act expired, in force, and were sufficient For the oollect1ou of duties after June 1, 1842. Ibzd. The 9th section of the act of 1832, makes it the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direction of the President, to establish, when necessary, rules and regulations to secure a just, fsitliful, and impartial appraisal of merchandise, and just and proper entries of them. It is very clear that any regulations within the authority thus given, are regulations prescribed by law. Ilzzd. In expouuding this lsw, the judgment of the court cannot,_ in any degree, he influenced by the construction placed upon it by individual members of Congress, in the debnte which took place on its passage; nor by the motives or reasons assigned by them for supporting or opposing amendments. offered. The law, as it passed, is the will of a majority of both houses, and the only mode m which this will is spoken, is in the act itself'; und we must gather their intention from the language there used, comparing it, where any ambiguity exists, with laws upon the same subject;a¤dlook1¤g,1fnecessary, to the public history of the times in which it was pasgd. 211nd. 24. G