Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 5.djvu/144

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108 TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. Sess. I. Ch. 352. 1836. of the public lands of the United States, or in anywise respecting such public lands, and, also, such as relate to private claims of land, and the issuing of patents for all grants of land under the authorit of th . . . Y 6 Government of the United Stains, shall be subject to the supervision and control of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, under the direction of the President of the United States.

The second section of the act of Congress of March_3, 1803, was intended to confer a bounty on a numerous class of mdmduals, and m construing the ambiiguous words of the section, it is the duty of the court t0_adopt that construction which will best oH`ect the iberal intentions of the Le `sluture. BM. 667 The time when the territory ever which this law operated was evacuated b the %pnnish troops; wah very 1mport_a.nt, as the lqw gvae intended to provide for those who were actuuhy at that time inhabitants gtngndd guluvzgtedhtheosoillyvitgxn 1t;‘but xhether wins inhl797 or lj9S, wa; ccfmparazivgy unimpormm, e aston o c m assi ners upon Bp6\’l0 w en e evac to ,'; cgurt are disposed to udcft the conszuction rf; the act given bg! the izolinmiissietigfs Ee; cilgxeuinfiveif t at the evacuation too p ace ont c 30th arch 1798, byw `cb rson m` `th` h ` the section virqere entirleg to donation certificates. Ibid. 667. pc 8 co mg wl m the Objects of longress ave treatc as erroneous the construction given to the law by the commissioners to settle claims to lands east of Pearl river, who h d `d d th nl h h u I within the territory in the {ear 1797 were enihled oigldznaticilti gertyifihaciegvdztd ivvhiiclisdtgaritryudtiltf otiieliz preqgnznpttun certificates. bid. 668. e commissioners appointed under the act of Congress relative to lai t I cl of h U ' south of the State of Tennessee, were authorized to hear evidence as so tlriiastiiixeninfihe hciuuiii-isiicitihciii oféhle tegntony by the Spanish troop? and to decade népou the fact. The law gave them power to hear an act e n matters respectm s c c ai s, a t th‘ ‘ . and declared their delibemtionsgehzill be Hrigl. 'thzeocoiiritueildniieoiintilieniirzegiitinielixlgaiocjsiiggtcgzgtnrieigggty ’ to warrant the certificate, in the terms of it, was proved before the commissioners; and thm, contig gxnetxntlyééshwislahowxgx lt?9’ghemILt;;at the final evacuation of the territory by the Spanish troops took place e o are .. By the treaty of St. Ildefonso made an the lst of O t b 1800 Sd d‘ . and France, by the treaty of Pads, signed the 30th of Agril $03, cedeldaiiltgihiia UIhiie1dl§ri;teg.?‘rIlhd;i tlé;edtr§z:2¢,tt}he United itanes claimed thereouéttgies betzveen the Iberville and the Perdido. Spain cane _ a er ceeeiun 0 rapce comprc en e 0 l t tt 't hi h f ` denpmmated Louisiana, cqnststing of the island Nsw girieiirisradd hliéheoxihriiyofisliiiliehgsnbzrgg ggsénullygssrdsail (tgjheg by France", greet of this: llgnssissgppi. Theflzmd claimed by the plaintiffs in error, _ r_ e crown 0 tpam, rmx e tert e treaty 0 St. Ildef , l` ·` h' h ` geeqgggnnteinliglnfgggeeoggsinés glue qizestigné ia; whom dg! ghe country betvgggii thgsi linegvilllle Lariaddlgeiiiidii _ . e onso ·a ' ceded mm tm Louisiana was meld b§“§l$§ l‘;“¤tt¤(l"3Yat§Z°‘ESa‘€"§§té€f¤E3`€’L?2E£i"SZ5E3Q??` Egvgdzxgegtiainised iis llmgtts. ?ut the 'declax£_aEi0nshot' France, made aflter parting with the province, cannoi cotcusive. nquestionsq t isc aracter, politi leo `d v.' h ' over the conduct of nations, to permit their declarations to decide theseuhigdgsanmiiidcegeilddehtlrggiif mint, in :1 matter vitally interesting to 1tsel£_ Foster et al. v. Neilson, 2 Peters, 306. c0urta0i§n:;x%xng:a2t§e hud obtained inqssepeion ng the land in dispute so as to be the defendant would n _ _ _ ie a es rnaintmn is ut c un er a Spanish ant d b l u` i' n gggxiinnizngnffgslycgn tthe nrmcxple tha; rlés igangh constructigl of ihleuireaagl oiegiichiieloitleg aviigslgglilt ns ruc ion wr ‘ ‘ · - · ’ the relations between the le islativeuiagxdjudixcialadeggiiihgriirsuigdsldiihilliitthh(lg 'prmlqplss whlqh govern The sound construction 0% the eighth article of the treat lietw h U6`md“§ 0 each. IIWL 309.

 of February 1829, will not enaile the court to apply it; provigiiiinie Sw thriiliiase Tiiedneniilfigiig, Gigi};

'llhe article does not declare that all the rants mad b h`' l . g c y igcathol _ .t bl` h a llgliaelhgatbfhgghcintgrtlise sange exlient aiiif the cerllieddterntlories had igrinnzgiigdyundghig eiaogixiigri Jdiude-Z; _ _ are ere ycon rme . a suc been its lun ua e it wo ld h · dd` 0¤ the Subject, an it would have repe led th f C g' g r u me act? New

yxi;;l;=;1titil;¢‘:f;ggantsghalldbge rzhfed aiiilaciiinlgrinedzgggheszggdht iiicngsgggszqzngagiaio lgylhirlittiih

_ _ n cqn rme is seems to be the lan u f · d " ‘ "`- cation and cuntirngution which are premised must be the act of t£he&l?e§isi:;)t[i1ii'e‘.cl l}iiiil’ei1el1ix'cih€l1rliuh1 pazeegnéng egnxét is rust at liberty mddnsrenard the existing laws on the subject Ibid S B' a _ _ _ _ s, un er rant b d`' t - ~ : ‘ ‘ ¤}d.v.d»S, m me years 573 §3‘?7$5,2..2..I3"bL"3?3.€E223‘lZ"7l€‘E}.LFi?} ?£é"5§l22’5 £*`I°‘ '° :‘ZZ'°'° 0 rilglgiggg et ill. ll/l1’Intosh, 8_Wheat. 543; 5 Cond. Rep. 515. 3 es. Su Discovery tzozgtiimggends enttrelyfupon the law _0t" the nation in which they lie. Ibid. me .mmm European m5,§Sf*’IliL éi‘?$"}»?3§‘éé’t$v‘éEl6»5‘Z 'i‘l.‘°’ "‘l “’° "’"§“°?“ °°""“°"" ” "°"'°“‘ the natives and establishing settlemenits u, ‘ B B exc usws ng to acquiring dw wu {mm _. · _ _ _ _ pon 1t· the title wnst b l s si { Bngggiyi gfdghle Dngséug inhabitants were, to a eonsiderable ;;ceInStt“i;;r$;j;§rgd[:yb!:;(iSigsngninstgqgé ultimate dominion te be in ttl2Q5Eé?;Y“2‘LT‘€f§£ISd"€E§if """·"“é"““ °‘ °°°“"“““" b`? “““‘°" ‘*‘° dominion, a power to gram the Son hi _ xerc1se , as in consequence o this ultimate B th t b Y t qv ie atm the possession of the natives. Ibid. of gg’vm_;T:g;:yan¢3Hesn' (great Britain_ ami, the United States, yvluch concluded our revolution, the powers Sums. Ibid. rtg t to soil which had previously been m Great Britain, passed delinitivelyto these The United States th · _ _ ~ y - n , I . • . described m the mmy?;ub§c;i\;;T$ gage; Iligye a. plgar title to a l the lands within the boundary lines guish that right was vested in that g0V8fHmBHEl!;;‘hli:!il iniglrgcgupatifyl`; mil the gxgmsws power to extinzis a nn i I f . _ _ _ . ons u toni: y exerctse it. Ibid.` p c p e 0 umversnl law, that, if an uninhabited country be discovered by a number of indivi-