Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 5.djvu/355

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TWENTY-FIFTH CONGRESS. Sess. III. Ch. 31. .1839. 319 person so giving or sending, or causing to be given or sent, or accepting such challenge or being the bearer thereof, and every person aiding orabetting in the giving, sending, or accepting such challenge, shall be deemed guilty of a high crime and misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof in any court competent to try the same in the said District, shall be punished by imprisonment and confinement to hard labor in the penitentiary, for a term not exceeding live years, in the discretion of the court. Ssc.3. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall assault, Any person strike, beat, or wound, or cause to be assaulted, stricken, beaten, or **$S¤“l‘i“£r SW wounded, any person in the District of Columbia, for declining or re- fusing to accept any challenge to fight a duel, or to engage in single other-, &c. combat with any deadly or dangerous instrument or weapon whatever, or shall post or publish, or cause to be posted or published, any writing charging any such person so declining or refusing to accept any such challenge, to be a coward, or using any other opprobrious or injurious languagetherein, tending to degrade and disgrace such person for so declining or refusing such challenge, every person so offending, on conviction thereof, in any court competent to the trial thereof, in the said District, shall be punished by confinement to hard labor in the penitentiary, for a term 11ot exceeding three years, in the discretion of the court. ' Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, if any person or persons, Any ,,8,5,,,, for the purpose of evading the provisions of this act, shall leave the giving or rc- District of Columbia, by previous arrangement or concert within the f;;"‘"g,? °h"l' . . . . . . ge a ter havsame, with intent to give or receive any such challenge without said gngjeruhc pgs. District, and shall give or receive any such challenge accordingly, the uic! by previous person or persons so offending shall be deemed guilty of a misdemean- %;“Ug°‘“°"‘* or, and be subject to the same penalties as if such challenge had been ` given and received within said district. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That every offender may plead a 3,,,.,0 {ummformer conviction or acquittal for the same offence in any State or pr<>c¤¤edi¤g¤.by country; and the same, being established, shall he a bar to any further glzgdéggvgcgfgh proceedings against such person under the next preceding section of ` this act. Sec. 6. And be it furth.er enacted, That any person offending against Evidence, &,c_ the provisions of this act may be a competent witness against any other person offending in the same transaction, and may, at the discretion of the court, be compelled to give evidence before any grand jury, or on any trial in court; but the person so testifying shall not thereafter be liable to prosecution for the same matter, nor shall the testimony so given be used against him in any case whatsoever. SBC. 7. And be it further enacted, That, in addition to the oath now Grand jury ,0 prescribed by law to be administered to the grand jury in the District be sworn, Soc. of Columbia, they shall he sworn faithfully and impartially to inquire into, and true presentment make of all offences against this act. Arvxovnn, February 20, 1839. -—-—-· Srnrurs III. CHAP. XXXI.-An Aet la amend an act entitled “An act to establish a criminal Feb, 20, 1539, court in the Distric! of C0lumbia.” I Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 1838r @1-192- United States of America in Congress assembled, That whenever the In msc 0{gna. judge of the said criminal court, from sickness, or any other legal bility of lhs _ cause, shall be unable to hold the said court, he shall give notice thereof °"' to the chief judge of the circuit court of the District of Columbia, who, from sicknehg, if not prevented by sickness or other legal cause, on receiving such Gwnotice, shall hold the said court during the temporary inability of the judge of the said court; and if the chief judge of the said circuit