Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 5.djvu/369

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TWENTY-FIF TH CONGRESS. Sess. III. Ch.80. 1839. 333 ability, and that I will take the said enumeration and description by actual inquiry at every dwelling house within said division, or personal inquiry of the head of every family, and not otherwise." The enume- Enumeration. ration shall commence on the first day in June, in the year one thou- ‘° °°‘“' sand eight hundred and forty, and shall be completed and closed within c` ten calendar months thereafter. The several assistants shall, within nine months, and on or before the first day of October, one thousand eight hundred and forty, deliver to the marshals by whom they shall be appointed, respectively, two copies of the accurate returns of all persons, except Indians not taxed, to be enumerated as aforesaid, within their respective divisions; which returns shall be made in a schedule, Form of ra. and which shall distinguish, in each county, city, town, township, ward, ¤¤Y¤· precinct, hundred, district, or parish, according to the civil divisions of the States or Territories, respectively, the several families, by the name of the head thereof Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That every assistant failing, or Penalty, neglecting to make a proper return, or making a false return of the enumeration to the marshal, within the time limited by this act, shall forfeit the sum of two hundred dollars, recoverable in the manner pointed out in the next section hereof Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the marshals shall tile one Marshals to copy of each of the several returns aforesaid, and, also, an attested copy m° °“° °é’bpY "f of the aggregate amount hereinafter directed, to be transmitted by them, m“ms’ c' respectively, to the Secretary of State, with the clerks of their respective districts or superior courts, as the case may be, who are hereby directed to receive, and carefully to preserve, the same; and the marshals, respectively, shall, on or before the first day of December, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty, transmit to the Secretary of State one copy of the several returns received from each assistant, and, also, the aggregate amount of each description of persons within their respective districts or territories; and every marshal failing to file the returns of his assistants, or the returns of any of them, with the clerks of the respective courts, as aforesaid, or failing to return one copy of the several returns received from each assistant, and, also, the aggregate amount of each description of persons in their respective districts or territories, as required by this act, and as the same shall appear from said returns, to the Secretary of State, within the time limited by this act, shall, for every such offence, forfeit the sum of one thousand dol- Fcyfeigfqy lars; which forfeiture shall be recoverable in the courts of the districts Hgglcmor territories where the said offences shall be committed, or within the mlflgm "°°°v circuit courts held within the same, by action of debt, information, or ` indictment; the one half thereof to the use of the United States, and the other half to the informer; but where the prosecution shall be first instituted on behalf of the United States, the whole shall accrue to their use ; and, for the more effectual discovery of such offences, the judges Th¢.i]¤ds¢€ of the several district courts in the several districts, and of the supreme ;l;:‘il,%`;:,;w,° courts in the territories of the United States, as aforesaid, at their next rand juries, session to be held after the expiration of the time allowed for making dw the returns of the enumeration hereby directed to the Secretary of State, shall give this act in charge to the grand juries in their respective courts, and shall cause the returns of the several assistants, and the said attested copy of the aggregate amount, to be laid before them for their inspection. And the respective clerks of the said courts shall, Clgrkpto Within thirty days after the said original returns shall have been laid gdnémltigi *5*** before the grand juries aforesaid, transmit and deliver all such original °p t° ” °' returns, so filed, to the department of State. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every assistant shall receive Compensation at the rate of two dollars for every hundred persons by him returned, °f¤¤$*·“¤m°· where such persons reside in the country; and where such persons re-