Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 56 Part 2.djvu/527

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1608 INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS OTHER THAN TREATIES [56 STAT. September 3, 1942 Agreement between the United States of America and Australiarespecting IE.A. s. 271 principles applying to the provision of aid in the prosecution of the war. Effected by exchange of notes signed at Washington September 3, 1949. The Australian Minister to the Secretary of State AUSTRALIAN LEGATION, WASHINGTON, D .C . September 3rd, 194S SIR, Ante, p. 1433. 22U. S. C ., Supp. I, f 411-419. As contracting parties to the United Nations Declaration of Janu- ary 1, 1942, ['] the Governments of the United States of America and the Commonwealth of Australia pledged themselves to employ their full resources, military and economic, against those nations with which they are at war. With regard to the arrangements for mutual aid between our two governments, I refer to the agreement signed at Washington on February 23, 1942, [2] between the Governments of the United States of America and the United Kingdom on principles applying to mutual aid in the present war authorised and provided for by the Act of Congress of March 11, 1941, P] and have the honour to inform you that the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia accepts the principles therein contained as governing the provision of mutual aid between itself and the Government of the United States of Amer- ica. It is the understanding of the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia that the general principle to be followed in providing such aid is that the war production and war resources of both nations should be used by the armed forces of each, in the ways which most effectively utilize available materials, manpower, production facilities and shipping space. I now set forth the understanding of the Government of the Com- monwealth of Australia of the principles and procedure applicable to the provision of aid by the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia to the armed forces of the United States and the manner in which such aid will be correlated with the maintenance of those forces by the United States Government. 1. While each Government retains the right of final decision, in the light of its own potentialities and responsibilities, decisions as to the most effective use of resources shall, so far as possible, be made in common, pursuant to common plans for winning the war. I [Executive Agreement Series 236; 55 Stat. 1600.] [Executive Agreement Series 241.] '[55 Stat. 31.]