PROCLAMATIONS-AUG. 28, 1942 in connection therewith; and said right to exercise the right of eminent domain is hereby granted to said Project Five Pipe Line Corporation, Tromite. provided that such right of eminent domain be exercised by Project Five Pipe Line Corporation for the aforesaid purposes prior to June 30, 1943, and provided further that said pipe line and facilities herein identified shall be constructed, completed, operated and maintained subject to such terms and conditions as the President may hereafter from time to time prescribe as necessary for national defense purposes; Rndelr designabitye (4) For national defense purposes I do deem it advisable to do so, Acts. and do hereby relieve the person or persons operating said pipe line pursuant to request for action of the Petroleum Coordinator for War addressed to Gulf Refining Company, Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, Incorporated, The Texas Company, Lion Oil Refining Company, and Premier Oil Refining Company of Texas for the period of time ending April 1, 1948, in the doing of any act or thing or the omission to do any act or thing, from any and all duty or liability under those pro- visions of (i) an Act approved February 4, 1887 (24 Stat. 379-387, Chapter 105), "An Act to regulate commerce", known as the "Inter- state Commerce Act", as amended, and of (ii) an Act approved February 19, 1903 (32 Stat. 847-849, Chapter 708), "An Act to further regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the States", known as the "Elkins Act", as amended, which now appear in the United States Code under Title 49, Transportation, and read as follows: (a) U. S. C., Title 49, section 2: "If any common carrier subject to the provisions of this chapter shall, directly or indirectly, by any special rate, rebate, drawback, or other device, charge, demand, collect, or receive from any person or persons a greater or less compensation for any service rendered or to be rendered, in the transportation of passengers or property, subject to the provisions of this chapter, than it charges, demands, collects, or receives from any other person or persons for doing for him or them a like and contemporaneous service in the transportation of a like kind of traffic under substantially similar circumstances and conditions, such common carrier shall be deemed guilty of unjust dis- crimination, which is prohibited and declared to be unlawful." (b) U. S . C., Title 49, section 3 (1): "It shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to the provisions of this chapter to make, give, or cause any unduel or unreasonable preference or advantage to any particular person, conmpany, firm, corporation, association, locality, port, port district, gateway, transit point, region, district, territory, or any particular description of traffic, in any respect whatsoever; or to subject any particular person, company, firm, corporation, association, locality, port, port district, gateway, transit point, region, district, territory, or any particular description of traffic to any undue or unreasonable prejudice or disadvantage in any respect whatsoever." (c) U. S . C., Title 49, section 6 (7): ". . . nor shall any carrier charge or demand or collect or receive a greater or less or different compensation for such transportation of passengers or property, or for any service in connection therewith, between the points named in such tariffs than the rates, fares, and charges which are specified in the tariff filed and in effect at the time; nor shall any carrier refund or remit in any manner or by any device any portion of the rates, fares, and charges so specified, nor extend to any shipper or person any privileges or facilities in the transpor- tation of passengers or property, except such as are specified in such tariffs." 1976 [56 STAT.