PUBLIC LAWS-CH. 324-JUNE 11, 1946 (e) LICENSE AND LICENSING.- "License" includes the whole or part of any agency permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter, mem- bership, statutory exemption or other form of permission. "Licens- ing" includes agency process respecting the grant, renewal, denial, revocation, suspension, annulment, withdrawal, limitation amendment, modification, or conditioning of a license. (f) SANCTION AND RELIEF.--"Sanction" includes the whole or part of any agency (1) prohibition, requirement, limitation, or other con- dition affecting the freedom of any person; (2) withholding of relief; (3) imposition of any form of penalty or fine; (4) destruction, taking, seizure, or withholding of property; (5) assessment of dam- ages, reimbursement, restitution, compensation, costs, charges, or fees; (6) requirement, revocation, or suspension of a license; or (7) taking of other compulsory or restrictive action. "Relief" includes the whole or part of any agency (1) grant of money, assistance, license, authority, exemption, exception, privilege, or remedy; (2) recognition of any claim, right, immunity, privilege, exemption, or exception; or (3) taking of any other action upon the application or petition of, and beneficial to, any person. (g) AGENCY PROCEEDING AND ACTION.-"Agency proceeding" means any agency process as defined in subsections (c), (d), and (e) of this section. "Agency action" includes the whole or part of every agency rule, order, license, sanction, relief, or the equivalent or denial thereof or failure to act. PUBLIO INFORMATION SEC. 3 . Except to the extent that there is involved (1) any function of the United States requiring secrecy in the public interest or (2) any matter relating solely to the internal management of an agency- (a) RTLEs. - Every agency shall separately state and currently publish in the Federal Register (1) descriptions of its central and field organization including delegations by the agency of final author- ity and the established places at which, and methods whereby, the public may secure information or make submittals or requests; (2) statements of the general course and method by which its functions are channeled and determined, including the nature and requirements of all formal or informal procedures available as well as forms and instructions as to the scope and contents of all papers, reports, or examinations; and (3) substantive rules adopted as authorized by law and statements of general policy or interpretations formulated and adopted by the agency for the guidance of the public, but not rules addressed to and served upon named persons in accordance with law. No person shall in any manner be required to resort to organization or procedure not so published. (b) OPINIONS AND ORDERS.- Every agency shall publish or, in accordance with published rule, make available to public inspection all final opinions or orders in the adjudication of cases (except those required for good cause to be held confidential and not cited as precedents) and all rules. (c) PUBLICRECORDS.-Save as otherwise required by statute, mat- ters of official record shall in accordance with published rule be made available to persons properly and directly concerned except informa- tion held confidential for good cause found. RULE MAKING SEC. 4. Except to the extent that there is involved (1) any military, naval, or foreign affairs function of the United States or (2) anv matter relating to agency management or personnel or to public property, loans, grants, benefits, or contracts- 238 [60 STAT.