PUBLIC LAWS-CHS. 536 , 537-JULY 3, 1946 "Philippine Gov- ernment." SEO. 7. For the purposes of this Act the term "Philippine Govern- ment" shall mean "Government of the Commonwealth of the Philip- pines" until the date of independence, and thereafter it shall mean the "Government of the Republic of the Philippines". Approved July 3, 1946. [CHAPTER 537] July 3, 1946 [H. R. 32] [Public Law 486] Protection of trade and commerce. Definitions. Felonies. Penalty. AN ACT To amend the Act entitled "An Act to protect trade and commerce against interference by violence, threats, coercion, or intimidation", approved June 18, 1934. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled "An Act to protect trade and commerce against interference by violence, threats, coercion, or intimidation", approved June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 979; U. S . C ., 1940 edition, title 18, sees. 420a-420e), be, and it is hereby, amended to read as follows: "TITLE I "SEC. 1 . As used in this title- "(a) The term 'commerce' means (1) commerce between any point in a State, Territory, or the District of Columbia and any point out- side thereof, or between points within the same State, Territory, or the District of Columbia but through any place outside thereof, and (2) commerce within the District of Columbia or any Territory, and (3) all other commerce over which the United States has jurisdic- tion; and the term 'Territory' means any Territory or possession of the United States. "(b) The term 'robbery' means the unlawful taking or obtaining of personal property, from the person or in the presence of another, against his will, by means of actual or threatened force, or violence, or fear of injury, immediate or future, to his person or property, or property in his custody or possession, or the person or property of a relative or member of his family or anyone in his company at the time of the taking or obtaining. "(c) The term 'extortion' means the obtaining of property from another, with his consent, induced by wrongful use of actual or threatened force, violence, or fear, or under color of official right. "SEC. 2. Whoever in any way or degree obstructs, delays, or affects commerce, or the movement of any article or commodity in com- merce, by robbery or extortion, shall be guilty of a felony. "SEC. 3. Whoever conspires with another or with others, or acts in concert with another or with others to do anything in violation of section 2 shall be guilty of a felony. "SEO. 4. Whoever attempts or participates in an attempt to do anything in violation of section 2 shall be guilty of a felony. "SEC. 5 . Whoever commits or threatens physical violence to any person or property in furtherance of a plan or purpose to do any- thing in violation of section 2 shall be guilty of a felony. "SEC. 6. Whoever violates any section of this title shall, upon con- viction thereof, be punished by imprisonment for not more than twenty years or by a fine of not more than $10,000, or both. "TITLE II "Nothing in this Act shall be construed to repeal, modify,'or affect either section 6 or section 20 of an Act entitled 'An Act to supple- ment existing laws against unlawful restraints and monopolies, and 420 [60 STAT.