61 STAT.] 80TH CONG., 1ST SESS.-CH. 512-AUG. 7, 1947
the purposes hereinabove specified, each person appointed and com- missioned an officer of the Medical Corps of the Regular Army shall, at time of appointment, be credited with an amount of service equal to four years; each person appointed and commissioned an officer of the Dental Corps, each person appointed a Chaplain of the Regular Army, and each person appointed and commissioned an officer of the Regular Army with a view to assignment in the Judge Advocate Gen- eral's Department, shall, at time of appointment, be credited with an amount of service equal to three years; each person appointed and commissioned an officer of the Veterinary Corps shall, at time of appointment, be credited with an amount of service equal to two years; and each person appointed and commissioned an officer of the Medical Service Corps who at the time of appointment holds a degree of doctor of philosophy or comparable degree recognized by the Surgeon General in a science allied to medicine may, subject to regulations as prescribed by the Secretary of War, be credited at the time of appointment with an amount of service equal to three years. Notwithstanding the fore- going or any other provisions of law, no person formerly a cadet at the United States Military Academy may be appointed and commis- sioned an officer of the Regular Army prior to the date on which his classmates at the United States Military Academy are graduated and appointed officers; and any person who was a cadet at, but did not graduate from, the United States Military Academy, shall not, upon appointment as a commissioned officer of the Regular Army, be credited with a period of service greater than the service credited to any member of his class at the Academy whose service in the Army has been con- tinuous since graduation. (d) Upon the basis of service credited as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the commissioned officer grade in which a person shall be appointed shall be determined as follows: Persons who have no service credit and those who are credited with less than three years' service shall be appointed in the grade of second lieu- tenant; persons who are credited with three or more years' service, but less than seven years' service, shall be appointed in the grade of first lieutenant; persons who are credited with seven or more years' service shall be appointed in the grade of captain. The names of such persons so appointed shall be placed upon the applicable promotion list immediately below those officers of the same grade having the same or next greater period of service. (e) No person shall be initially appointed in the Regular Army in any commissioned officer grade under the provisions of this section when the length of time from date of birth to date of appointment exceeds: For all persons except those hereinafter specifically men- tioned, twenty-seven years; for persons appointed in the Medical Corps, the Dental Corps, and the Veterinary Corps and persons appointed with view to assignment in the Judge Advocate General's Department, thirty-two years; for persons appointed in the Medical Service Corps, thirty years; for persons appointed as chaplains, thirty-four years: Provided, That for any person, the number of years from date of birth to date of appointment hereinabove specified shall, respectively, be increased by the number of years, months, and days, of active Federal service performed by such person after attain- ing the age of twenty-one years as a commissioned officer in the Army of the United States or any component thereof subsequent to Decem- ber 31, 1947, and prior to such appointment, but not by more than five years: And provided further, That until June 30, 1953, the Secre- tary of War may, in his discretion, waive such maximum age limita- tions for any person who served in the armed forces of the United States prior to September 2, 1945. 891 Restriction. Determination of grade. Age llmnltations.